OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 24-week effects on glucose tolerance of switching from a protease inhibitor (PI)-based to an unboosted atazanavir-including regimen in highly pretreated HIV-1 infected subjects with metabolic alterations. DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, single-center, 24-week pilot study. METHODS: Twenty-one subjects underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at baseline (BL) and after 24 weeks of unboosted atazanavir. Insulin sensitivity and beta-cell responsiveness were evaluated on the basis of static and dynamic data; fasting glucose, insulin, C-peptide, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c), TC/HDL-c ratio, CD4+ cell count and HIV-1 RNA were measured. RESULTS: After 24 weeks of unboosted atazanavir, the 120-min glucose level was significantly lower than the one measured at BL (P=0.021); there were no statistically significant differences in the insulin concentration profile. The SI(oral), an OGTT-based index of insulin sensitivity, was significantly higher at week 24 (P=0.017); the indices of first- and second-phase beta-cell responsiveness did not significantly change. There was no significant difference between BL and 24-week fasting glucose, insulin or C-peptide levels, and consequently no change in fasting homeostasis model assessment indices of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function. There were significant improvements in TG (P=0.009), TC (P=0.0001), LDL-c (P=0.019) and TC/HDL-c ratio (P=0.001), and a similar trend in HDL-c levels (P=0.069). No significant changes in the immunological and virological parameters were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that switching from a PI-based to an unboosted atazanavir-including regimen leads to a significant improvement in glucose tolerance in highly pretreated HIV-1 infected subjects with metabolic alterations.
|Titolo:||Switching to unboosted atazanavir improves glucose tolerance in highly pretreated HIV-1 infected subjects|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1530/EJE-06-0648|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|