The recreational use of inhalants is a fairly widespread habit among adolescents because of the ease of availability and methods of assumption. Their use is however not free of risks, both for direct toxicity on several target organs and for a mechanism of gas replacement with lack of oxygen. The first case concerns a 12-year-old boy who died suddenly after sniffing a mix of butane and propane contained in a can of air freshener. The second case concerns a 14-year-old boy who died by acute poisoning by the same mixture contained in a refill for lighters. High concentrations of the compounds were found in the tissues by analysis with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The compounds found in tissues and biological fluids were perfectly compatible with those contained in the containers used for the inhalation. The mechanisms of death were therefore assessed in a combination of the direct toxicity of the compound and oxygen replacement, thus highlighting the crucial help that toxicological analyses can provide in such cases.
Recreational inhalation of butane and propane in adolescents: two forensic cases of accidental death / L. Sironi, A. Amadasi, R. Zoja. - In: FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0379-0738. - 266:1(2016), pp. e52-e58.
|Titolo:||Recreational inhalation of butane and propane in adolescents: two forensic cases of accidental death|
SIRONI, LUCA ENRICO (Primo)
AMADASI, ALBERTO (Secondo)
ZOIA, RICCARDO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Adolescents; Butane; Propane; Sudden death; Volatile substance abuse|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||2-giu-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.05.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|