Background and Objectives. Factor V HR2 possesses decreased co-factor activity to activated protein C and an increased ratio of factor V1 to factor V2. Factor V HR2 is associated with a mild increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism although not all studies concur on this point. Design and Methods. Inconsistencies in results of the epidemiological studies may stem from a failure to identify other variables in factor V which might contribute to an increased risk of thrombosis in selected HR2 carriers. The aim of this study was to establish whether factor V deficiency increases the risk of venous thromboembolism when associated with HR2. Results. Four hundred and ninety-seven patients with venous thromboembolism and 498 controls were studied. HR2 was present in 12.5% of patients and 10.4% of controls. Factor V deficiency was associated with HR2 in 4.6% of patients and 1.0% of controls. The OR for venous thromboembolism in individual with HR2 alone was 1.2 (95% Cl 0.8-1.8), while it was 4.7 (95% Cl 1.8-12.5) for those with HR2 plus factor V deficiency. Interpretation and Conclusions. Patients with HR2 and factor V deficiency developed a thrombotic event earlier (median age 35 years) than patients with HR2 alone (median age 43 years, p = 0.018). Double heterozygosity for HR2 and a factor V defect, including factor V deficiency, increased the thrombotic risk afforded by HR2.

Association of factor V deficiency with factor V HR2 / E.M. Faioni, G. Castaman, D. Asti, F. Lussana, F. Rodeghiero. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - 89:2(2004), pp. 195-200.

Association of factor V deficiency with factor V HR2

E.M. Faioni;F. Lussana;
2004

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Factor V HR2 possesses decreased co-factor activity to activated protein C and an increased ratio of factor V1 to factor V2. Factor V HR2 is associated with a mild increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism although not all studies concur on this point. Design and Methods. Inconsistencies in results of the epidemiological studies may stem from a failure to identify other variables in factor V which might contribute to an increased risk of thrombosis in selected HR2 carriers. The aim of this study was to establish whether factor V deficiency increases the risk of venous thromboembolism when associated with HR2. Results. Four hundred and ninety-seven patients with venous thromboembolism and 498 controls were studied. HR2 was present in 12.5% of patients and 10.4% of controls. Factor V deficiency was associated with HR2 in 4.6% of patients and 1.0% of controls. The OR for venous thromboembolism in individual with HR2 alone was 1.2 (95% Cl 0.8-1.8), while it was 4.7 (95% Cl 1.8-12.5) for those with HR2 plus factor V deficiency. Interpretation and Conclusions. Patients with HR2 and factor V deficiency developed a thrombotic event earlier (median age 35 years) than patients with HR2 alone (median age 43 years, p = 0.018). Double heterozygosity for HR2 and a factor V defect, including factor V deficiency, increased the thrombotic risk afforded by HR2.
Factor V deficiency; Factor V HR2; Factor V Leiden; Venous thromboembolism
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/40135
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