Background and Objectives. Factor V HR2 possesses decreased co-factor activity to activated protein C and an increased ratio of factor V1 to factor V2. Factor V HR2 is associated with a mild increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism although not all studies concur on this point. Design and Methods. Inconsistencies in results of the epidemiological studies may stem from a failure to identify other variables in factor V which might contribute to an increased risk of thrombosis in selected HR2 carriers. The aim of this study was to establish whether factor V deficiency increases the risk of venous thromboembolism when associated with HR2. Results. Four hundred and ninety-seven patients with venous thromboembolism and 498 controls were studied. HR2 was present in 12.5% of patients and 10.4% of controls. Factor V deficiency was associated with HR2 in 4.6% of patients and 1.0% of controls. The OR for venous thromboembolism in individual with HR2 alone was 1.2 (95% Cl 0.8-1.8), while it was 4.7 (95% Cl 1.8-12.5) for those with HR2 plus factor V deficiency. Interpretation and Conclusions. Patients with HR2 and factor V deficiency developed a thrombotic event earlier (median age 35 years) than patients with HR2 alone (median age 43 years, p = 0.018). Double heterozygosity for HR2 and a factor V defect, including factor V deficiency, increased the thrombotic risk afforded by HR2.
|Titolo:||Association of factor V deficiency with factor V HR2|
|Autori interni:||FAIONI, ELENA MARIA|
|Parole Chiave:||Factor V deficiency; Factor V HR2; Factor V Leiden; Venous thromboembolism|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|