Msj-1 gene encodes a DnaJ protein highly expressed in spermatids and spermatozoa of both rodents and amphibians, possibly involved in vesicle fusion and protein quality control by means of interaction with heat shock proteins. We isolated and characterized the entire murine msj-1 gene and searched for putative msj-1-like genes into the human genome. Furthermore, ultrastructural localization of MSJ-1 was analyzed in mouse germ cells by immunogold electron microscopy. The analysis of murine msj-1 genomic sequence reveals that it is an intron less gene. Putative promoter region was predicted within the 600 bp upstream the transcription start site. In mouse, msj-1 maps on chromosome 1, into an intronic region of UDP glucuronosyl-transferase 1 family cluster. At ultrastructural level, MSJ-1 marks the developing acrosomic vesicle and the sperm centriolar region. A blast search against the human genome database revealed two closed regions (Ha and Hb) on human chromosome 2 having high nucleotide identity with murine msj-1 coding region. Similarly to mouse, in human both regions map into an intronic region of UDP glycosyl-transferase 1 family polypeptide A cluster (ugt1a@). A significant ORF encoding a putative DnaJ protein of 145 aa was predicted from Ha. Finally, expression analysis, conducted by RT-PCR in human sperm cells, demonstrated that Ha mRNA is effectively present in humans; by Western blot, a specific MSJ-1 band of approximately 30 kDa was detected in human sperm. Taken together, these data suggest that msj-1 gene might be conserved among vertebrates and might exert fundamental functions in reproduction.
|Titolo:||Structure of msj-1 gene in mice and humans: A possible role in the regulation of male reproduction|
|Autori interni:||BERRUTI, GIOVANNA (Secondo)|
|Parole Chiave:||DnaJ protein; Human; Mouse; msj-1; Testis; UDP glucuronosyltransferase|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ygcen.2007.11.014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|