An extension of Hamiltonian dynamics, defined on hyper-Kahler manifolds (‘hyper-Hamiltonian dynamics’) and sharing many of the attractive features of standard Hamiltonian dynamics, was introduced in previous work. In this paper, we discuss applications of the theory to physically interesting cases, dealing with the dynamics of particles with spin 1/2 in a magnetic field, i.e. the Pauli and the Dirac equations. While the free Pauli equation corresponds to a hyper-Hamiltonian flow, it turns out that the hyper-Hamiltonian description of the Dirac equation, and of the full Pauli one, is in terms of two commuting hyper-Hamiltonian flows. In this framework one can use a factorization principle discussed here (which is a special case of a general phenomenon studied by Walcher) and provide an explicit description of the resulting flow. On the other hand, by applying the familiar Foldy–Wouthuysen and Cini–Tousheck transformations (and the one recently introduced by Mulligan) which separate—in suitable limits—the Dirac equation into two equations, each of these turn out to be described by a single hyper-Hamiltonian flow. Thus the hyper-Hamiltonian construction is able to describe the fundamental dynamics for particles with spin.
|Titolo:||On the physical applications of hyper-Hamiltonian dynamics|
|Autori interni:||GAETA, GIUSEPPE (Primo)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1751-8113/41/17/175203|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|