In subduction environments the fluid phases released by the subducting plates are vehicles for the slab-to-mantle element transfer, leading to the metasomatism, refertilisation and partial melting of the mantle. Occurrences of hydrous minerals coexisting with carbonates and C polypmorphs (e.g. phlogopite + magnesite + graphite/diamond) in mantle wedge peridotites evidence that such fluids are represented by C-O-H solutions, derived by dehydration reactions and decarbonation of the slab. The equilibria involving the volatile elements play an important role in controlling the iron oxidation state of mantle silicates and oxides by redox reactions. Alternatively, Fe3+/Fe2+ equilibria between mantle minerals may buffer the fluid speciation, and therefore oxygen fugacities (fO2). Despite a number of studies have been devoted to determine the redox state of the upper mantle, the fO2of supra-subduction mantle wedge, used as monitor of its oxidation state, is still poorly investigated. An essential input for fO2 estimates is therefore represented by an accurate determination of the ferric-ferrous iron content of key mantle minerals such as garnet. As case study, we selected samples of a mantle wedge garnet peridotite from the UHP Sulu belt (Eastern China), where magnesite + phlogopite occur in equilibrium with olivine + orthopyroxene + garnet ±clinopyroxene (Malaspina et al., in press). For the olivine + orthopyroxene + Fe3+-garnet assemblage, fO2 can be calculated from the reaction (1): 2 Fe2+ 3 Fe3+ 2 Si3O12 (skiagite) = 4 Fe2+ 2 SiO4 (fayalite) + 2 Fe2+ 2 Si2O6 (ferrosilite) + O2 (Gudmundsson andWood, 1995). Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio in garnet has been measured by the "flank method" electron microprobe analyses (Höfer et al., 1994). These measurements reveal that the Sulu peridotite garnet contains considerable amounts of Fe3+, showing a zonation in Fe3+/Fetot ratios, which vary from 0.06 up to 0.21. The “flank method” has been calibrated on almandine, andradite and skiagite end-members with fixed Fe3+/Fetot (0, 1 and 0.4 respectively). We have synthesised the end-member skiagite and garnet along the almandine-skiagite join, where Al and Fe3+ substitute on the octahedral sites. The experiments were performed with a glass and slag with a fixed ratio of Fe3+/Fetot in a multianvil apparatus using tungsten carbide cubes with a 14-mm truncated edge and Au capsule, at P=10 GPa. The correct Fe3+/Fetot ratio of the starting material was achieved by controlling the fO2of the furnace atmosphere using CO-CO2 gas mixes. Up to date, the lack of thermodynamic data for the Fe3+-garnet component (skiagite), and of an appropriate solid solution model for this phase, limited the applicability of equilibrium (1). We therefore modelled non-ideal mixing of Al and Fe3+ on the octahedral site by a symmetric regular solution model, combining previous experimental and thermochemical data on skiagite and almandine (Woodland and O’Neill, 1993; Ottonello et al., 1996). This enabled us to calculate garnet-peridotite fO2, given the presence of Fe3+ in the garnet from equilibrium (1). The determination of fO2, and therefore of the oxidation state, of this garnetperidotite would be a powerful tool to compare the buffering capacity of Fe2+/Fe3+ in the mantle wedge, relative to the C-O-H fluid speciation. This will permit to unravel the devolatilisation processes in subduction zones and the transfer of C-O-H components from the slab to the mantle wedge. Gudmundsson and Wood (1995) CMP, 119, 56-67; Höfer et al. (1994) EJM, 6, 407- 418; Malaspina et al. (in press) Lithos; Ottonello et al. (1996) AM, 81, 429-447; Woodland and O’Neill (1993) AM, 78, 1002-1015.
|Titolo:||The oxidation state of metasomatised mantle wedge : insights from C-H-bearing garnet peridotite|
|Autori interni:||MALASPINA, NADIA (Primo)|
POLI, STEFANO (Secondo)
FUMAGALLI, PATRIZIA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|