The quark model does not exclude states composed of more than three quarks, like pentaquark systems. Controversial evidence for such states has been published in the last years, in particular: for a strange pentaquark Theta(1540)+; for a double-strange state, the Xi(1862)--, subsequently called Phi(1860)--; and for a charmed state, the Theta_c(3100)^0. If confirmed, a full pentaquark family might exist; such pentaquark states could be produced in e+e- annihilations near the Z energy. In this paper a search for pentaquarks is described using the DELPHI detector at LEP, characterized by powerful particle identification sub-systems crucial in the separation of the signal from the background for these states. At 95% CL, upper limits are set on the production rates <N> of such particles and their charge-conjugate state per Z decay: <N_Theta+> x Br(Theta+ -> pK0_S) < 5.1 x 10^{-4} <N_Theta++> < 1.6 x 10^{-3} <N_Phi(1860)-- > x Br(Phi(1860)-- -> Xi- pi-) < 2.9 x 10^{-4} <Theta_c(3100)^0> x Br(Theta_c(3100)^0 -> D*+ pbar) < 8.8 x 10^{-4} .

Search for pentaquarks in the hadronic decays of the Z boson with the DELPHI detector at LEP / J. Abdallah, P. Abreu, W. Adam, P. Adzic, T. Albrecht, R. Alemany-Fernandez, T. Allmendinger, P.P. Allport, U. Amaldi, N. Amapane, S. Amato, E. Anashkin, A. Andreazza, S. Andringa, N. Anjos, P. Antilogus, W.D. Apel, Y. Arnoud, S. Ask, B. Asman, J.E. Augustin, A. Augustinus, P. Baillon, A. Ballestrero, P. Bambade, R. Barbier, D. Bardin, G.J. Barker, A. Baroncelli, M. Battaglia, M. Baubillier, K.H. Becks, M. Begalli, A. Behrmann, E. Ben-Haim, N. Benekos, A. Benvenuti, C. Berat, M. Berggren, D. Bertrand, M. Besancon, N. Besson, D. Bloch, M. Blom, M. Bluj, M. Bonesini, M. Boonekamp, P.S.L. Booth, G. Borisov, O. Botner, B. Bouquet, T.J.V. Bowcock, I. Boyko, M. Bracko, R. Brenner, E. Brodet, P. Bruckman, J.M. Brunet, B. Buschbeck, P. Buschmann, M. Calvi, T. Camporesi, V. Canale, F. Carena, N. Castro, F. Cavallo, M. Chapkin, P. Charpentier, P. Checchia, R. Chierici, P. Shlyapnikov, J. Chudoba, S.U. Chung, K. Cieslik, P. Collins, R. Contri, G. Cosme, F. Cossutti, M.J. Costa, D.J. Crennell, J. Cuevas-Maestro, J. D'Hondt, T. Da Silva, W. Da Silva, G. Della Ricca, A. De Angelis, W. de Boer, C. De Clercq, B. De Lotto, N. De Maria, A. De Min, L. De Paula, L. Di Ciaccio, A. Di Simone, K. Doroba, J. Drees, G. Eigen, T.J.C. Ekelof, M. Ellert, M. Elsing, M.C. Espirito-Santo, G.K. Fanourakis, D. Fassouliotis, M. Feindt, J. Fernandez, A. Ferrer, F. Ferro, U. Flagmeyer, H. Foeth, E. Fokitis, F. Fulda-Quenzer, J. Fuster, M. Gandelman, C. Garci­a, P. Gavillet, E. Gazis, R. Gokieli, B. Golob, G. Gomez-Ceballos, P. Goncalves, E. Graziani, G. Grosdidier, K. Grzelak, J. Guy, C. Haag, A. Hallgren, K. Hamacher, K. Hamilton, S. Haug, F. Hauler, V. Hedberg, M. Hennecke, H. Herr, J. Hoffman, S.O. Holmgren, P.J. Holt, M.A. Houlden, J.N. Jackson, G. Jarlskog, P. Jarry, D. Jeans, E.K. Johansson, P. Jonsson, C. Joram, L. Jungermann, F. Kapusta, S. Katsanevas, P. Kokkinias, L. Leinonen, E. Katsoufis, G. Kernel, B.P. Kersevan, Z. Krumshtein, T. Lesiak, U. Kerzel, W. Liebig, B.T. King, J. Lamsa, D. Liko, N.J. Kjaer, G. Leder, P. Kluit, C. Kourkoumelis, R. Leitner, O. Kuznetsov, M. Kucharczyk, F. Ledroit, J.H. Lopes, J. Lemonne, V. Lepeltier, A. Lipniacka, J.M. Lopez, D. Loukas, P. Lutz, L. Lyons, J. MacNaughton, A. Malek, S. Maltezos, F. Mandl, J. Marco, R. Marco, B. Marechal, M. Margoni, J.C. Marin, C. Mariotti, A. Markou, C. Marti­nez-Rivero, J. Masik, N. Mastroyiannopoulos, F. Matorras, C. Matteuzzi, F. Mazzucato, M. Mazzucato, R. McNulty, C. Meroni, E. Migliore, W.A. Mitaroff, U. Mjoernmark, T. Moa, M. Moch, K. Moenig, R. Monge, J. Montenegro, D. Moraes, S. Moreno, P. Morettini, U. Mueller, K. Muenich, M. Mulders, L. Mundim, W. Murray, B. Muryn, G. Myatt, T. Myklebust, M. Paganoni, M. Nassiakou, S. Paiano, F. Navarria, K. Nawrocki, R. Nicolaidou, M. Nikolenko, A. Ouraou, C. Parkes, A. Oblakowska-Mucha, A. Oyanguren, V.F. Obraztsov, A. Olshevski, J.P. Palacios, A. Onofre, H. Palka, R. Orava, K. Osterberg, L. Pape, T.D. Papadopoulou, F. Parodi, U. Parzefall, A. Passeri, O. Passon, L. Peralta, V. Perepelitsa, A. Perrotta, A. Petrolini, J. Piedra, L. Pieri, F. Pierre, M. Pimenta, E. Piotto, T. Podobnik, V. Poireau, M.E. Pol, G. Polok, V. Pozdnyakov, N. Pukhaeva, A. Pullia, J. Rames, A. Read, P. Rebecchi, J. Rehn, D. Reid, R. Reinhardt, P.B. Renton, F. Richard, J. Ri­dky, M. Rivero, D. Rodriguez, A. Romero, P. Ronchese, P. Roudeau, T. Rovelli, V. Ruhlmann-Kleider, D. Ryabtchikov, A. Sadovskii, L. Salmi, J. Salt, C. Sander, A. Savoy-Navarro, U. Schwickerath, R. Sekulin, M. Siebel, A. Sisakian, G. Smadja, O. Smirnova, A. Sokolov, A. Sopczak, R. Sosnowski, T. Spassoff, M. Stanitzki, A. Stocchi, J. Strauss, B. Stugu, M. Szczekowski, M. Szeptycka, T. Szumlak, T. Tabarelli de Fatis, F. Tegenfeldt, J. Timmermans, L. Tkatchev, M. Tobin, S. Todorovova, B. Tome, A. Tonazzo, P. Tortosa, P. Travnicek, D. Treille, G. Tristram, M. Trochimczuk, C. Troncon, M.L. Turluer, I.A. Tyapkin, P. Tyapkin, S. Tzamarias, V. Uvarov, G. Valenti, P. van Dam, J. Van Eldik, N. Van Remortel, I. Van Vulpen, G. Vegni, F. Veloso, W. Venus, P. Verdier, V. Verzi, D. Vilanova, L. Vitale, V. Vrba, H. Wahlen, A.J. Washbrook, C. Weiser, D. Wicke, J. Wickens, G. Wilkinson, M. Winter, M. Witek, O. Yushchenko, A. Zalewska-Bak, P. Zalewski, D. Zavrtanik, V. Zhuravlov, N.I. Zimin, A. Zintchenko, M. Zupan. - In: PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B. - ISSN 0370-2693. - 653:2-4(2007 Sep 20), pp. 151-160.

Search for pentaquarks in the hadronic decays of the Z boson with the DELPHI detector at LEP

A. Andreazza;G. Vegni;
2007

Abstract

The quark model does not exclude states composed of more than three quarks, like pentaquark systems. Controversial evidence for such states has been published in the last years, in particular: for a strange pentaquark Theta(1540)+; for a double-strange state, the Xi(1862)--, subsequently called Phi(1860)--; and for a charmed state, the Theta_c(3100)^0. If confirmed, a full pentaquark family might exist; such pentaquark states could be produced in e+e- annihilations near the Z energy. In this paper a search for pentaquarks is described using the DELPHI detector at LEP, characterized by powerful particle identification sub-systems crucial in the separation of the signal from the background for these states. At 95% CL, upper limits are set on the production rates of such particles and their charge-conjugate state per Z decay: x Br(Theta+ -> pK0_S) < 5.1 x 10^{-4} < 1.6 x 10^{-3} x Br(Phi(1860)-- -> Xi- pi-) < 2.9 x 10^{-4} x Br(Theta_c(3100)^0 -> D*+ pbar) < 8.8 x 10^{-4} .
Physics ; elementary particle physics ; LEP ; standard model
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/39479
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