NF-Y is a trimeric transcription factor containing H2A/H2B-like subunits, which specifically binds to the CCAAT box, a common eukaryotic promoter element. To gain insights into NF-Y-dependent transcriptional regulation, we assessed its relationships with positive histone marks by chromatin immunoprecipitation-on-chip and correlative-profiling studies. Unbiased identification of binding sites shows that the majority of genes are bound by NF-Y in the promoter and/or within the coding region. Parallel analysis of H3K9-14ac and H3K4me3 sites indicates that NF-Y 14 loci can be divided in two distinct clusters: (i) a large cohort contains H3K9-14ac and H3K4me3 marks and correlates with expression and (ii) a sizeable group is devoid of these marks and is found on transcriptionally silent genes. Within this class, we find that NF-Y binding is associated with negative histone marks, such as H4K20me3 and H3K27me3. NF-Y removal by a dominant negative NF-YA leads to a decrease in the transcription of expressed genes associated with H3K4me3 and H3K9-14ac, while increasing the levels of many inactive genes. These data indicate that NF-Y is embedded in positive as well as in negative methyl histone marks, serving a dual function in transcriptional regulation, as an activator or as a repressor.

The histone-like NF-Y is a bifunctional transcription factor / M. Ceribelli, D. Dolfini, D. Merico, R. Gatta, M.A. Viganò, G. Pavesi, R. Mantovani. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-7306. - 28:6(2008), pp. 2047-2058. [10.1128/MCB.01861-07]

The histone-like NF-Y is a bifunctional transcription factor

D. Dolfini
Secondo
;
G. Pavesi
Penultimo
;
R. Mantovani
Ultimo
2008

Abstract

NF-Y is a trimeric transcription factor containing H2A/H2B-like subunits, which specifically binds to the CCAAT box, a common eukaryotic promoter element. To gain insights into NF-Y-dependent transcriptional regulation, we assessed its relationships with positive histone marks by chromatin immunoprecipitation-on-chip and correlative-profiling studies. Unbiased identification of binding sites shows that the majority of genes are bound by NF-Y in the promoter and/or within the coding region. Parallel analysis of H3K9-14ac and H3K4me3 sites indicates that NF-Y 14 loci can be divided in two distinct clusters: (i) a large cohort contains H3K9-14ac and H3K4me3 marks and correlates with expression and (ii) a sizeable group is devoid of these marks and is found on transcriptionally silent genes. Within this class, we find that NF-Y binding is associated with negative histone marks, such as H4K20me3 and H3K27me3. NF-Y removal by a dominant negative NF-YA leads to a decrease in the transcription of expressed genes associated with H3K4me3 and H3K9-14ac, while increasing the levels of many inactive genes. These data indicate that NF-Y is embedded in positive as well as in negative methyl histone marks, serving a dual function in transcriptional regulation, as an activator or as a repressor.
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/39382
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