Hybrid event beds (HEBs) are a type of deep-water sediment gravity flow deposit comprising a basal clean (H1) and/or banded (H2) sandstone overlain by a muddier sandy facies (H3) emplaced during the same transport event. They generally have a tabular geometry but an internal complexity in terms of relative thickness and texture of the component divisions. HEBs are increasingly recognised in outcrop and in hydrocarbon reservoirs, requiring an improved understanding of their textural make-up, association, context and impact on reservoir properties. Although HEBs share the described common characters that allow them to be differentiated from ‘classic’ turbidites, observations from a range of sedimentary basins show great variability in their sedimentological character. The texture of the relatively mud-rich H3 division and the size and shape of substrate clasts within it are key feature for classification and process interpretation. Two important and recurring bed associations are identified: (1) a range of commonly thick beds in which the H3 division can include very large substrate slabs and blocks, evidence of extensive autoinjection and clast break-up, and dense mudclast concentrations, all set in a sandstone with elevated interstitial clay. This association typically is found in outer fan and confined sheet systems in a downdip position. (2) beds in which H3 divisions are characterised by high levels of dispersed clay, floating mudstone clasts and matrices that are enriched in hydraulically-fractionated components (mica, organic matter, clay flocs). Beds with thin H3 divisions typically pass down-dip to those in which H3 is expanded. This association is found in fan lobe successions where it can alternate with turbidites. The two associations are interpreted to reflect different modes of flow transformation. In the first case, the rafts and chaotic textures are related to local substrate delamination processes that culminated in the formation of a linked cohesive debris flow because of intense internal shearing and clast disaggregation. The second association formed by mud entrainment at channel mouths, proximal lobe locations or flow expansion points and developed through progressive longitudinal flow transformation and rapid deceleration and may include deposition from transitional flows.
|Titolo:||Towards a classification of hybrid event beds|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2015|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
|Citazione:||Towards a classification of hybrid event beds / M. Fonnesu, P. Haughton, M. Patacci, F. Felletti, W. McCaffrey. ((Intervento presentato al convegno BSRG tenutosi a Keele nel 2015.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|