Superparamagnetic iron oxide particles find their main application as contrast agents for cellular and molecular magnetic resonance imaging. The contrast they bring is due to the shortening of the transverse relaxation time T 2 of water protons. In order to understand their influence on proton relaxation, different theoretical relaxation models have been developed, each of them presenting a certain validity domain, which depends on the particle characteristics and proton dynamics. The validation of these models is crucial since they allow for predicting the ideal particle characteristics for obtaining the best contrast but also because the fitting of T 1 experimental data by the theory constitutes an interesting tool for the characterization of the nanoparticles. In this work, T 2 of suspensions of iron oxide particles in different solvents and at different temperatures, corresponding to different proton diffusion properties, were measured and were compared to the three main theoretical models (the motional averaging regime, the static dephasing regime, and the partial refocusing model) with good qualitative agreement. However, a real quantitative agreement was not observed, probably because of the complexity of these nanoparticulate systems. The Roch theory, developed in the motional averaging regime (MAR), was also successfully used to fit T 1 nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) profiles, even outside the MAR validity range, and provided a good estimate of the particle size. On the other hand, the simultaneous fitting of T 1 and T 2 NMRD profiles by the theory was impossible, and this occurrence constitutes a clear limitation of the Roch model. Finally, the theory was shown to satisfactorily fit the deuterium T 1 NMRD profile of superparamagnetic particle suspensions in heavy water.
NMR relaxation induced by iron oxide particles : testing theoretical models / Y. Gossuin, T. Orlando, M. Basini, D. Henrard, A. Lascialfari, C. Mattea, S. Stapf, Q.L. Vuong. - In: NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0957-4484. - 27:15(2016 Apr), pp. 155706.1-155706.11.
|Titolo:||NMR relaxation induced by iron oxide particles : testing theoretical models|
|Parole Chiave:||iron oxide particles; MRI contrast agent; NMR relaxation theory; superparamagnetic particles; Bioengineering; Chemistry (all); Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Mechanics of Materials; Materials Science (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/27/15/155706|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|