The paramyxovirus Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) binds to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates, sialoglycoproteins and sialoglycolipids (gangliosides) of host cell plasma membrane through its hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (sialidase) HN glycoprotein. We hypothesized that the modifications of the cell surface ganglioside pattern determined by over-expression of the mammalian plasma-membrane associated, ganglioside specific, sialidase NEU3 would affect the virus-host cell interactions. Using COS7 cells as a model system, we observed that over-expression of the murine MmNEU3 did not affect NDV binding but caused a marked reduction in NDV infection and virus propagation through cell-cell fusion. Moreover, since GD1a was greatly reduced in COS7 cells following NEU3-over-expression, we added [(3)H]-labelled GD1a to COS7 cells under conditions that block intralysosomal metabolic processing, and we observed a marked increase of GD1a cleavage to GM1 during NDV infection, indicating a direct involvement of the virus sialidase and host cell GD1a in NDV infectivity. Therefore, the decrease of GD1a in COS7 cell membrane upon MmNEU3 over-expression is likely to be instrumental to NDV reduced infection. Evidence was also provided for the preferential association of NDV-HN at 4 degrees C to detergent resistant microdomains (DRMs) of COS7 cells plasma membranes.
|Titolo:||Over-expression of mammalian sialidase NEU3 reduces Newcastle disease virus entry and propagation in COS7 cells|
|Autori interni:||ANASTASIA, LUIGI (Primo)|
TETTAMANTI, GUIDO (Ultimo)
TRINGALI, CRISTINA ALESSANDRA
|Parole Chiave:||COS7 cell; GD1a ganglioside; Lipid raft; NDV; Sialidase NEU3|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbagen.2007.11.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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