OBJECTIVE: Analysis of patterns of hormone therapy (HT) use among postmenopausal Italian women, before and after publication of results from the Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study and the Women''s Health Initiative. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between 1997 and 2003 on the characteristics of women around the age of menopause. The study population consisted of 106,784 women (mean age 53 y) attending menopause clinics in Italy. Postmenopausal women were defined as women with surgical menopause (ie, bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), women older than 55 years who underwent hysterectomy without bilateral oophorectomy, and women whose menstrual cycles had stopped more than 1 year before their interview. RESULTS: A total of 15,657 women (14.7%) reported ever using HT. The prevalence of HT prescription was 17.6% among women observed in 1997-1998, 14.9% in 1999, 12.2% in 2000, 12.1% in 2001, and 11.4% in 2002-2003. HT use was related to age at menopause and level of education in all the periods considered and was more frequent in women reporting surgical menopause. The odds ratio of HT prescription tended to decrease in women with surgical menopause, with slight fluctuations in the intermediate years. Ever users of oral contraceptives and nulliparae were more frequently HT users. CONCLUSIONS: In our population the percentage of current HT users dropped from 17.6% in 1997-1998 to 11.4% in 2002-2003. However, the determinants of use were largely unchanged during the study period: women with higher education, nulliparae, and smokers reported more frequent HT use.
|Titolo:||Trends of determinants of hormone replacement therapy use in italian women attending menopause clinics : 1997-2003|
|Autori interni:||PARAZZINI, FABIO (Primo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Determinants; Hormone therapy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/gme.0b013e318057782b|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|