Plants, being sessile organisms, have evolved the ability to integrate external stimuli into metabolic and developmental signals. A wide variety of signals, including abiotic, biotic, and developmental stimuli, were observed to evoke specific spatio-temporal Ca2+ transients which are further transduced by Ca2+ sensor proteins into a transcriptional and metabolic response. Most of the research on Ca2+ signaling in plants has been focused on the transport mechanisms for Ca2+ across the plasma- and the vacuolar membranes as well as on the components involved in decoding of cytoplasmic Ca2+ signals, but how intracellular organelles such as mitochondria are involved in the process of Ca2+ signaling is just emerging. The combination of the molecular players and the elicitors of Ca2+ signaling in mitochondria together with newly generated detection systems for measuring organellar Ca2+ concentrations in plants has started to provide fruitful grounds for further discoveries. In the present review we give an updated overview of the currently identified/hypothesized pathways, such as voltage-dependent anion channels, homologs of the mammalian mitochondrial uniporter (MCU), LETM1, a plant glutamate receptor family member, adenine nucleotide/phosphate carriers and the permeability transition pore (PTP), that may contribute to the transport of Ca2+ across the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes in plants. We briefly discuss the relevance of the mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis for ensuring optimal bioenergetic performance of this organelle.
Calcium flux across plant mitochondrial membranes : possible molecular players / L. Carraretto, V. Checchetto, S. De Bortoli, E. Formentln, A. Costa, I. Szabó, E. Teardo. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 7(2016 Mar), pp. 354.1-354.8.
|Titolo:||Calcium flux across plant mitochondrial membranes : possible molecular players|
|Parole Chiave:||Calcium channels and transporters; Calcium homeostasis; Higher plants; Mitochondria; Physiological processes; Plant Science|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
|Progetto:||NUCLEOTIDI CICLICI NELLA RISPOSTA A STRESS BIOTICO IN PIANTA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00354|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|