Dysregulation of RNA metabolism represents an important pathogenetic mechanism in both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) due to the involvement of the DNA/RNA-binding proteins TDP-43 and FUS and, more recently, of C9ORF72. A potential link between dysregulation of RNA metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction is recently emerged in TDP-43 disease models. To further investigate the possible relationship between these two pathogenetic mechanisms in ALS/FTD, we studied mitochondria functionality in human mutant TARDBP(p.A382T) and C9ORF72 fibroblasts grown in galactose medium to induce a switch from a glycolytic to an oxidative metabolism. In this condition we observed significant changes in mitochondria morphology and ultrastructure in both mutant cells with a fragmented mitochondria network particularly evident in TARDBP(p.A382T) fibroblasts. From analysis of the mitochondrial functionality, a decrease of mitochondria membrane potential with no alterations in oxygen consumption rate emerged in TARDBP fibroblasts. Conversely, an increased oxygen consumption and mitochondria hyperpolarization were observed in C9ORF72 fibroblasts in association to increased ROS and ATP content. We found evidence of autophagy/mitophagy in dynamic equilibrium with the biogenesis of novel mitochondria, particularly in mutant C9ORF72 fibroblasts where an increase of mitochondrial DNA content and mass, and of PGC1-α protein was observed. Our imaging and biochemical data show that wild-type and mutant TDP-43 proteins do not localize at mitochondria so that the molecular mechanisms responsible for such mitochondria impairment remain to be further elucidated. For the first time our findings assess a link between C9ORF72 and mitochondria dysfunction and indicate that mitochondria functionality is affected in TARDBP and C9ORF72 fibroblasts with gene-specific features in oxidative conditions. As in neuronal metabolism mitochondria are actively used for ATP production, we speculate that TARDBP and C9ORF72 mutations might trigger cell death by impairing not only RNA metabolism, but also mitochondria activity in ALS/FTD neurons.
Gene-specific mitochondria dysfunctions in human TARDBP and C9ORF72 fibroblasts / E. Onesto, C. Colombrita, V. Gumina, M.O. Borghi, S. Dusi, A. Doretti, G. Fagiolari, F. Invernizzi, M. Moggio, V. Tiranti, V. Silani, A. Ratti. - In: ACTA NEUROPATHOLOGICA COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2051-5960. - 4(2016 May), pp. 47.1-47.14.
|Titolo:||Gene-specific mitochondria dysfunctions in human TARDBP and C9ORF72 fibroblasts|
ONESTO, ELISA (Primo)
COLOMBRITA, CLAUDIA (Secondo)
SILANI, VINCENZO (Penultimo)
RATTI, ANTONIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||ALS; FTD; TDP-43; C9ORF72; Fibroblast; Mitochondria dysfunction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-016-0316-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|