Aluminium (Al) exposure is neurotoxic and is considered a possible etiological factor for many neurodegenerative disorders. Since it is known that Al impairs the glutamate-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in neurons, this study was carried out to monitor the expression of NADPH-d in some central nervous system areas of rats after chronic administration of Al in drinking water. We tested three different nervous areas known to contain NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons: two cortical area (somatosensory cerebral cortex and cerebral cortex), a deep brain area (dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter) and a spinal area (lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord). Our data showed that Al significantly decreased NADPH-d positive neurons in the cerebral cortex and the NADPH-d staining of many granular neurons in the cerebellum. We also found that Al did not cause neuron loss or apoptosis in the cerebral cortex. These findings suggest that the cortical nitroxidergic neurons and granule cells were a specific target of Al neurotoxicity.

Chronic exposure to aluminium decreases NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons in the rat cerebral cortex / L. Rodella, R. Rezzani, R. Lanzi, R. Bianchi. - In: BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0006-8993. - 889:1-2(2001 Jan 19), pp. 229-233.

Chronic exposure to aluminium decreases NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons in the rat cerebral cortex

R. Bianchi
Ultimo
2001

Abstract

Aluminium (Al) exposure is neurotoxic and is considered a possible etiological factor for many neurodegenerative disorders. Since it is known that Al impairs the glutamate-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in neurons, this study was carried out to monitor the expression of NADPH-d in some central nervous system areas of rats after chronic administration of Al in drinking water. We tested three different nervous areas known to contain NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons: two cortical area (somatosensory cerebral cortex and cerebral cortex), a deep brain area (dorsolateral periaqueductal gray matter) and a spinal area (lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord). Our data showed that Al significantly decreased NADPH-d positive neurons in the cerebral cortex and the NADPH-d staining of many granular neurons in the cerebellum. We also found that Al did not cause neuron loss or apoptosis in the cerebral cortex. These findings suggest that the cortical nitroxidergic neurons and granule cells were a specific target of Al neurotoxicity.
Aluminium; Cerebellum; Cerebral cortex; Nitric oxide
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/37819
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact