OBJECTIVE: The time course of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in the vasculature of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) is still unclear. Moreover, no data are presently available about the possible inter-relationships between apoptosis and vascular remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate the mesenteric small resistance arteries and large arteries (aortas) of SHRs and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats at different ages, before and after the development of overt hypertension. METHODS: Twenty-four SHRs (4, 8 or 12 weeks old) and 24 age-matched WKY rats were included in the study. Blood pressure was measured non-invasively. Rats were killed by decapitation and segments of aortas and small mesenteric arteries were dissected free from the surrounding tissue. Mesenteric arteries were mounted on a micromyograph and structural characteristics were measured (media thickness, media:lumen ratio, etc.). Apoptotic cells in the tunica media of large and small vessels were then stained using modified TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL). RESULTS: At 4 weeks of age no difference in the blood pressure and percentage of apoptosis in mesenteric arteries between SHRs and WKY rats was detected; however, the media:lumen ratio of mesenteric small resistance arteries was significantly greater in SHRs. At 8 and 12 weeks of age systolic blood pressure, media:lumen ratio and apoptosis rate in mesenteric small arteries was significantly higher in SHRs. The rate of apoptosis in the aortas was similar in the two strains at all three ages. CONCLUSIONS: An increased prevalence of apoptosis was observed in mesenteric small arteries of 8- and 12-week-old SHRs. It is possible that apoptosis may exert a role in small resistance artery remodelling during the development and establishment of hypertension.
|Titolo:||Time course of apoptosis in small resistance arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats|
BIANCHI, ROSSELLA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apoptosis; Resistance vessels; Spontaneously hypertensive rats; Vascular remodelling|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|