Ether phospholipids are essential constituents of eukaryotic cell membranes. Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 3 is a severe peroxisomal disorder caused by inborn deficiency of alkyldihydroxyacetonephosphate synthase (ADPS). The enzyme carries out the most characteristic step in ether phospholipid biosynthesis: formation of the ether bond. The crystal structure of ADPS from Dictyostelium discoideum shows a fatty-alcohol molecule bound in a narrow hydrophobic tunnel, specific for aliphatic chains of 16 carbons. Access to the tunnel is controlled by a flexible loop and a gating helix at the protein-membrane interface. Structural and mutagenesis investigations identify a cluster of hydrophilic catalytic residues, including an essential tyrosine, possibly involved in substrate proton abstraction, and the arginine that is mutated in ADPS-deficient patients. We propose that ether bond formation might be orchestrated through a covalent imine intermediate with the flavin, accounting for the noncanonical employment of a flavin cofactor in a nonredox reaction.
The crucial step in ether phospholipid biosynthesis: structural basis of a noncanonical reaction associated with a peroxisomal disorder / A. Razeto, F. Mattiroli, E. Carpanelli, A. Aliverti, V. Pandini, A. Coda, A. Mattevi. - In: STRUCTURE. - ISSN 0969-2126. - 15:6(2007 Jun 13), pp. 683-692.
|Titolo:||The crucial step in ether phospholipid biosynthesis: structural basis of a noncanonical reaction associated with a peroxisomal disorder|
|Parole Chiave:||alkyl-dihydroxyacetonephosphate synthese; Guinea-pig liver; alkyldihydroxyacetone-P synthase; ehrlich ascites tumor; nucleotide-sequence; lipid biosynthesis; acyldhydroxyacetone phosphate; macromolecular structures; bond formation; mechanism|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-giu-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2007.04.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|