Aim: To define the prognostic value of Doppler ultrasonographic morphology of ductus venosus (DV) waveform on canine neonatal mortality. Materials and Methods: Fifty-four healthy pregnant bitches underwent fetal ultrasonographic assessment. The DV waveforms were classified as diphasic (dDVw) or triphasic (tDVw) and compared with neonatal mortality. Results: Ninety-three fetuses were evaluated. Twenty fetuses belonged to litters with neonatal mortality, in which tDVw was observed. Seven fetuses belonged to litters without neonatal mortality, in which tDVw was observed. Fifty-eight fetuses belonged to litters without neonatal mortality, in which only dDVw was observed. Eight fetuses belonged to litters with neonatal mortality, in which only dDVw was observed. The correlation between tDVw and neonatal mortality was statistically significant (odds ratio [OR], 20.7; p<0.0001). Considering only pregnancies with one or two fetuses with the same DV waveform: Two fetuses with tDVw belonged to litters with neonatal mortality; 1 foetus with tDVw belonged to litter without neonatal mortality and 26 fetuses showed dDVw without neonatal mortality. The correlation between tDVw and neonatal mortality even in litters up to two pups was statistically significant (OR, 88.3; p=0.01). Conclusion: Echo-Doppler assessment of DV is feasible in canine fetuses, and the presence tDVw seems to be related to neonatal mortality.
Neonatal mortality in dogs : prognostic value of Doppler ductus venosus waveform evaluation - Preliminary results / G. Barella, S. Faverzani, M. Faustini, D. Groppetti, A. Pecile. - In: VETERINARY WORLD. - ISSN 2231-0916. - 9:4(2016 Apr), pp. 356-360.
|Titolo:||Neonatal mortality in dogs : prognostic value of Doppler ductus venosus waveform evaluation - Preliminary results|
BARELLA, GABRIELE (Primo)
FAVERZANI, STEFANO (Secondo)
GROPPETTI, DEBORA (Penultimo)
PECILE, ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||dog; Doppler; ductus venosus; neonatal mortality; ultrasound|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria|
Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2016.356-360|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|