This study focuses on the characterization of four bacterial isolates from heavy metal-polluted rhizosphere in order to examine their plant growth promoting (PGP) activity. The PGP activity on the canola (Brassica napus) of the strains which showed cadmium resistance and multiple PGP traits was assessed in the presence and in the absence of Cd2+. The strains, Pseudomonas tolaasii ACC23, Pseudomonas fluorescens ACC9, Alcaligenes sp. ZN4 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14 showed 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACCD) activity. They also synthesized ACCD enzyme in vitro when 0.4 mM Cd2+ was added to the growth medium. The presence of the metal, however, reduced the ACCD activity in Alcaligenes sp. ZN4 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14, while it did not affect the ACCD activity of P. tolaasii ACC23 and P. fluorescens ACC9. ACC9 and ACC23 produced indole acetic acid (IAA) and siderophores, while ACC14 produced only IAA. IAA and siderophores were produced more actively under Cd-stress. Root elongation assays conducted on B. napus under gnotobiotic conditions demonstrated increases (from 34% up to 97%) in root elongation of inoculated canola seedlings compared to the control plants. Subsequently, the effect of inoculation with these strains on growth and uptake of Cd2+ in roots and shoots of canola was studied in pot experiments using Cd-free and Cd-treated (15 μg Cd2+ g−1 dw) soil. Inoculation with P. tolaasii ACC23, P. fluorescens ACC9 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14 promoted the growth of plants at concentrations of 0 and 15 μg Cd2+ g−1 soil. The maximum growth was observed in the plants inoculated with P. tolaasii ACC23. The strains did not influence the specific accumulation of cadmium in the root and shoot systems, but all increased the plant biomass and consequently the total cadmium accumulation. The present observations showed that the bacterial strains used in this study protect the plants against the inhibitory effects of cadmium, probably due to the production of IAA, siderophores and ACCD activity.

Improvement of Brassica napus growth under cadmium stress by cadmium-resistant rhizobacteria / E. Dell'Amico, L. Cavalca, V. Andreoni. - In: SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0038-0717. - 40:1(2008), pp. 74-84.

Improvement of Brassica napus growth under cadmium stress by cadmium-resistant rhizobacteria

L. Cavalca
Secondo
;
V. Andreoni
2008

Abstract

This study focuses on the characterization of four bacterial isolates from heavy metal-polluted rhizosphere in order to examine their plant growth promoting (PGP) activity. The PGP activity on the canola (Brassica napus) of the strains which showed cadmium resistance and multiple PGP traits was assessed in the presence and in the absence of Cd2+. The strains, Pseudomonas tolaasii ACC23, Pseudomonas fluorescens ACC9, Alcaligenes sp. ZN4 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14 showed 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACCD) activity. They also synthesized ACCD enzyme in vitro when 0.4 mM Cd2+ was added to the growth medium. The presence of the metal, however, reduced the ACCD activity in Alcaligenes sp. ZN4 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14, while it did not affect the ACCD activity of P. tolaasii ACC23 and P. fluorescens ACC9. ACC9 and ACC23 produced indole acetic acid (IAA) and siderophores, while ACC14 produced only IAA. IAA and siderophores were produced more actively under Cd-stress. Root elongation assays conducted on B. napus under gnotobiotic conditions demonstrated increases (from 34% up to 97%) in root elongation of inoculated canola seedlings compared to the control plants. Subsequently, the effect of inoculation with these strains on growth and uptake of Cd2+ in roots and shoots of canola was studied in pot experiments using Cd-free and Cd-treated (15 μg Cd2+ g−1 dw) soil. Inoculation with P. tolaasii ACC23, P. fluorescens ACC9 and Mycobacterium sp. ACC14 promoted the growth of plants at concentrations of 0 and 15 μg Cd2+ g−1 soil. The maximum growth was observed in the plants inoculated with P. tolaasii ACC23. The strains did not influence the specific accumulation of cadmium in the root and shoot systems, but all increased the plant biomass and consequently the total cadmium accumulation. The present observations showed that the bacterial strains used in this study protect the plants against the inhibitory effects of cadmium, probably due to the production of IAA, siderophores and ACCD activity.
plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR); ACC deaminase; cadmium; phytoremediation
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
2008
6-ago-2007
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/37685
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