We investigate the performance of a selective cloning machine based on linear optical elements and Gaussian measurements, which allows one to clone at will one of the two incoming input states. This machine is a complete generalization of a 1→2 cloning scheme demonstrated by Andersen [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 240503 (2005)]. The input-output fidelity is studied for a generic Gaussian input state, and the effect of nonunit quantum efficiency is also taken into account. We show that, if the states to be cloned are squeezed states with known squeezing parameter, then the fidelity can be enhanced using a third suitable squeezed state during the final stage of the cloning process. A binary communication protocol based on the selective cloning machine is also discussed.
|Titolo:||Selective cloning of Gaussian states by linear optics|
|Autori interni:||OLIVARES, STEFANO (Primo)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.76.022305|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|