BACKGROUND: Intra-operative PTH testing in the operating theatre has proven to be an accurate way to verify the removal of all pathological parathyroid tissue in primary hyperparathyroidism. Its limitation is the high cost. An alternative, more cost-effective procedure is proposed: intra-operative PTH dosage at the Central Laboratory. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients underwent parathyroidectomy with intraoperative dosage of PTH at the Central Laboratory. Three blood samples were taken from each patient: just after the induction of anesthesia, 5 and 10 min after parathyroidectomy. The samples were sent to the Central Laboratory and analysed simultaneously. The results were phoned back to the theatre. The procedure was considered effective when PTH drop was >/=50% from basal value, 10 min after parathyroidectomy. RESULTS: 98.1% of patients proved recovered (average follow- up 31.1 months). The procedure had 3 false negatives, 1 false positive, with sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 94.0%, 75.0%, 92.6%, 97.9%, and 50.0%, respectively. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The main disadvantage of the presented procedure is the long waiting time. Nevertheless this time is the same as that required for results from intra-operative histological examination, the only alternative to determine surgery effectiveness in centres where portable instrumentation for intra-operative PTH dosage in the operating theatre is not available. The advantage of intra-operative PTH at the Central Laboratory is the very low cost. If results in terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and cost are taken into consideration, intra-operative dosage of PTH at the Central Laboratory may be deemed a viable alternative to the operating theatre.

Intra-operative testing for parathyroid hormone : the Central Laboratory option / L. De Pasquale, D. Gobatti, M.L. Ravini, A. Barassi, W. Porreca, G.V. Melzi d'Eril, A. Bastagli. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 31:1(2008), pp. 62-67.

Intra-operative testing for parathyroid hormone : the Central Laboratory option

A. Barassi;G.V. Melzi d'Eril
Penultimo
;
A. Bastagli
Ultimo
2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intra-operative PTH testing in the operating theatre has proven to be an accurate way to verify the removal of all pathological parathyroid tissue in primary hyperparathyroidism. Its limitation is the high cost. An alternative, more cost-effective procedure is proposed: intra-operative PTH dosage at the Central Laboratory. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients underwent parathyroidectomy with intraoperative dosage of PTH at the Central Laboratory. Three blood samples were taken from each patient: just after the induction of anesthesia, 5 and 10 min after parathyroidectomy. The samples were sent to the Central Laboratory and analysed simultaneously. The results were phoned back to the theatre. The procedure was considered effective when PTH drop was >/=50% from basal value, 10 min after parathyroidectomy. RESULTS: 98.1% of patients proved recovered (average follow- up 31.1 months). The procedure had 3 false negatives, 1 false positive, with sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 94.0%, 75.0%, 92.6%, 97.9%, and 50.0%, respectively. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The main disadvantage of the presented procedure is the long waiting time. Nevertheless this time is the same as that required for results from intra-operative histological examination, the only alternative to determine surgery effectiveness in centres where portable instrumentation for intra-operative PTH dosage in the operating theatre is not available. The advantage of intra-operative PTH at the Central Laboratory is the very low cost. If results in terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and cost are taken into consideration, intra-operative dosage of PTH at the Central Laboratory may be deemed a viable alternative to the operating theatre.
Primary hyperparathyroidism; Quick intra-operative parathormone dosage
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/36282
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