The high-pressure elastic behaviour and the pressure-induced structural evolution of synthetic magnetite were investigated up to 11.11(5) GPa by means of in situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction with a diamond anvil cell, using the mix methanol:ethanol:water = 16:3:1 as pressure-transmitting medium and the ruby-fluorescence method for pressure-calibration. The evolution of the ruby R1-fluorescence line with P, with a drastic increase of the full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) of the Lorentzian profile at P > 9 GPa, shows that the P-medium is not hydrostatic above 9 GPa. Such a condition is well reflected by the drastic increase (by 20–22%) of the FWHM of the diffraction peak profiles of magnetite, by the behaviour of the Eulerian finite strain versus normalized pressures plot (fe–Fe plot) and by the slight EoS-misfit. However, the diffraction data collected during decompression showed a reversible/complete restoration of the diffraction profiles and of the elastic behaviour in the fe–Fe plot. The reflection conditions dictated by the Fd 3m space group confirm that symmetry of magnetite is maintained within the P-range investigated. The structural refinements performed at 0.0001, 4.99(3) and 9.21(8) GPa show that the evolution of the oxygen u-parameter is almost constant within the P-range investigated. A weighted linear regression through the data points gives only a slight negative slope and no discontinuity is observed within the P-range investigated. A similar continuous behaviour is also observed in the evolution of the T- and M-polyhedral volumes, bond distances and angles with P. On the basis of data reported in this study, it appears that the elastic behaviour and the structural evolution of magnetite is drastically influenced by the experimental conditions (i.e., hydrostatic or nonhydrostatic), and diffraction data of magnetite collected under non-hydrostatic conditions are unusable for a reliable description of the elastic behaviour and for the P-induced structural rearrangements. Comparisons are carried out between the experimental findings of this study and those reported in the previous ones, in which an inverse-to-direct spinel phase transition at P > 8 GPa is suggested.
|Titolo:||Effect of non-hydrostatic conditions on the elastic behaviour of magnetite: An in-situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction study|
|Autori interni:||GATTA, GIACOMO DIEGO (Primo)|
|Parole Chiave:||magnetite ; high-pressure ; hard-materials|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00269-007-0177-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|