Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions in atomic nuclei are sensitive to both nuclear shell structure and effective residual interactions. The nuclear GT excitations were studied for the mass number A = 42, 46, 50, and 54 "f-shell" nuclei in (He-3, t) charge-exchange reactions. In the Ca-42 -> Sc-42 reaction, most of the GT strength is concentrated in the lowest excited state at 0.6 MeV, suggesting the existence of a low-energy GT phonon excitation. As A increases, a high-energy GT phonon excitation develops in the 6-11 MeV region. In the Fe-54 -> Co-54 reaction, the high-energy GT phonon excitation mainly carries the GT strength. The existence of these two GT phonon excitations are attributed to the 2 fermionic degrees of freedom in nuclei.

Observation of Low- and High-Energy Gamow-Teller Phonon Excitations in Nuclei / Y. Fujita, H. Fujita, T. Adachi, C.L. Bai, A. Algora, G.P.A. Berg, P. Brentano, G. Colo, M. Csatlos, J.M. Deaven, E. Estevez Aguado, C. Fransen, D. De Frenne, K. Fujita, E. Ganioglu, C.J. Guess, J. Gulyas, K. Hatanaka, K. Hirota, M. Honma, D. Ishikawa, E. Jacobs, A. Krasznahorkay, H. Matsubara, K. Matsuyanagi, R. Meharchand, F. Molina, K. Muto, K. Nakanishi, A. Negret, H. Okamura, H.J. Ong, T. Otsuka, N. Pietralla, G. Perdikakis, L. Popescu, B. Rubio, H. Sagawa, P. Sarriguren, C. Scholl, Y. Shimbara, Y. Shimizu, G. Susoy, T. Suzuki, Y. Tameshige, A. Tamii, J.H. Thies, M. Uchida, T. Wakasa, M. Yosoi, R.G.T. Zegers, K.O. Zell, J. Zenihiro. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 112:11(2014). [10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.112502]

Observation of Low- and High-Energy Gamow-Teller Phonon Excitations in Nuclei

G. Colo;
2014

Abstract

Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions in atomic nuclei are sensitive to both nuclear shell structure and effective residual interactions. The nuclear GT excitations were studied for the mass number A = 42, 46, 50, and 54 "f-shell" nuclei in (He-3, t) charge-exchange reactions. In the Ca-42 -> Sc-42 reaction, most of the GT strength is concentrated in the lowest excited state at 0.6 MeV, suggesting the existence of a low-energy GT phonon excitation. As A increases, a high-energy GT phonon excitation develops in the 6-11 MeV region. In the Fe-54 -> Co-54 reaction, the high-energy GT phonon excitation mainly carries the GT strength. The existence of these two GT phonon excitations are attributed to the 2 fermionic degrees of freedom in nuclei.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/360850
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