Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) released in the brain by HIV-activated macrophages/microglia is suspected to compromise neuronal survival. Previously, we have demonstrated that activated receptor for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-IR) protects neurons from TNFalpha-induced neuronal damage (Wang et al. [ 2006] J. Neurosci. Res. 83:7-18). Because TNFalpha triggers phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) on serine residues (pS-IRS-1; Rui et al. [ 2001] J. Clin. Invest. 107:181-189), and pS-IRS-1 binds integrins (Reiss et al. [ 2001] Oncogene 20:490-500), we asked how these events affect neuronal processes. We show that beta1-integrin and pS-IRS-1 colocalize in PC12 cells and in primary cortical neurons. TNFalpha treatment elevated membrane-associated pS-IRS-1, enhanced pS-IRS-1 interaction with beta1-integrin, and attenuated cell attachment to collagen IV. In contrast, IGF-I inhibited pS-IRS-1-beta1-integrin complexes and improved cell attachment. The domain of IRS-1 involved in beta1-integrin binding mapped between amino acids 426 and 740, and the expression of 426-740/IRS-1 mutant attenuated neuronal outgrowth. Our results indicate that TNFalpha facilitates the interaction of pS-IRS-1 and beta1-integrin and destabilizes neuronal processes. IGF-I counteracts TNFalpha-mediated accumulation of pS-IRS-1-beta1-integrin complexes supporting the stability of neuronal processes.
|Titolo:||Interaction between serin phosphorylated IRS-1 and beta1-integrin affects the stability of neuronal processes|
GUALCO, ELISA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||IGF-I; Integrins; IRS-1; Neuronal damage; TNFα|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-ago-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jnr.21400|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|