OBJECTIVES: To investigate if the risk of liver enzyme elevation (LEE) in HIV/hepatitis B or C (HBV, HCV) co-infection is altered by HAART (two or more drugs). METHODS: Analysis comprised HIV-positive patients in the ICoNA study without acute hepatitis who had ≥ 1 positive HCV antibody test and > 1 positive HBV surface antigen test. LEE was defined as > 5× baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or > 3.5× baseline if the baseline was > 40 IU/l. Analysis used Poisson regression with generalized estimating equation correction to examine HBV or HCV co-infection, use of HAART, baseline ALT and demographics as LEE predictors. RESULTS: Of the 5272 patients, 47.6% were co-infected with HCV/HBV; 29.9% were female and 39% were intravenous drug users. There were 275 episodes of LEE during 18 259 person-years follow up. Taking HAART did not significantly increase risk of LEE [adjusted relative risk (RR), 1.19; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.81-1.75; P = 0.37]. Co-infection increased the risk of LEE (adjusted RR, 5.07; 95% CI, 3.47-7.48; P < 0.001), with no significant differences if taking HAART (adjusted RR, 4.99; 95% CI, 3.38-7.37) or not (adjusted RR, 6.02; 95% CI, 2.02-17.98) (P = 0.74 for interaction). Females were at lower risk of LEE than males (adjusted RR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.42-0.83; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: HIV and HBV/HCV co-infection per se is associated with increased risk of LEE that is not modified by HAART. The recommendation for caution in HAART use in co-infected patients, simply based on a high rate of LEE in people on therapy, may be questionable.
|Titolo:||Is the increased risk of liver enzyme elevation in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis virus greater in those taking antiretroviral therapy?|
CICCONI, PAOLA (Primo)
D'ARMINIO MONFORTE, ANTONELLA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||12-mar-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/QAD.0b013e328013db9c|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|