We suggest an iterative, maximum-likelihood-based, method to reconstruct the photon number distribution of the steady-state cavity field of a micromaser starting from the statistics of the atoms leaving the cavity after the interaction. The scheme is based on measuring the atomic populations of probe atoms for different interaction times and works effectively using a small number of atoms and a limited sampling of the interaction times. The method has been tested by numerically simulated experiments showing that it may be reliably used in any micromaser regime, leading to high-fidelity reconstructions for single-peaked distributions as well as for double-peaked ones and for trapping states.
|Titolo:||Reconstruction of the photon distribution in a micromaser|
|Autori interni:||CASAGRANDE, FEDERICO|
|Parole Chiave:||One-atom maser ; cavity quantum electrodynamics ; trapping states ; number states ; statistics ; microlaser ; field ; beam|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1209/0295-5075/80/64002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|