An upper limit of 16% (at 95% c.l.) is derived for the photon fraction in cosmic rays with energies greater than 10(19) eV, based on observations of the depth of shower maximum performed with the hybrid detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. This is the first such limit on photons obtained by observing the fluorescence light profile of air showers. This upper limit confirms and improves on previous results from the Haverah Park and AGASA surface arrays. Additional data recorded with the Auger surface detectors for a subset of the event sample support the conclusion that a photon origin of the observed events is not favored.

An upper limit to the photon fraction in cosmic rays above 10^19 eV from the Pierre Auger Observatory / J. Abraham, M. Aglietta, C. Aguirre, D. Allard, I. Allekotte, P. Allison, C. Alvarez, J. Alvarez-Muniz, M. Ambrosio, L. Anchordoqui, J.C. Anjos, C. Aramo, K. Arisaka, E. Armengaud, F. Arneodo, F. Arqueros, T. Asch, H. Asorey, B.S. Atulugama, J. Aublin, M. Ave, G. Avila, J. Bacelar, T. Baecker, D. Badagnani, A.F. Barbosa, H.M.J. Barbosa, M. Barkhausen, D. Barnhill, S.L.C. Barroso, P. Bauleo, J. Beatty, T. Beau, B.R. Becker, K.H. Becker, J.A. Bellido, S. BenZvi, C. Berat, T. Bergmann, P. Bernardini, X. Bertou, P. L. Biermann, P. Billoir, O. Blanch-Bigas, F. Blanco, P. Blasi, C. Bleve, H. Bluemer, P. Boghrat, M. Bohacova, C. Bonifazi, R. Bonino, M. Boratav, J. Brack, J. M. Brunet, P. Buchholz, N. G. Busca, K.S. Caballero-Mora, B. Cai, D.V. Camin, J. N. Capdevielle, R. Caruso, A. Castellina, G. Cataldi, L. Cazon, R. Cester, J. Chauvin, A. Chiavassa, J.A. Chinellato, A. Chou, J. Chye, D. Claes, P.D.J. Clark, R.W.Clay, S.B. Clay, B. Connolly, A. Cordier, U. Cotti, S. Coutu, C. E. Covault, J. Cronin, S. Dagoret-Campagne, T. Dang Quang, P. Darriulat, K. Daumiller, B.R. Dawson, R.M. de Almeida, L.A. de Carvalho, C. De Donato, S.J. de Jong, W.J.M. de Mello, J.R.T. de Mello Neto, I. De Mitri, M.A.L. de Oliveira, V. de Souza, L. del Peral, O. Deligny, A. Della Selva, C. Delle Fratte, H. Dembinski, C. Di Giulio, J.C. Diaz, C. Dobrigkeit, J.C. D'Olivo, D. Dornic, A. Dorofeev, M.T. Dova, D. D'Urso, M.A. DuVernois, R. Engel, L. Epele, M. Erdmann, C.O. Escobar, A. Etchegoyen, A. Ewers, P. Facal San Luis, H. Falcke, A.C. Fauth, D. Fazio, N. Fazzini, A. Fernandez, F. Ferrer, S. Ferry, B. Fick, A. Filevich, A. Filipcic, I. Fleck, E. Fokitis, R. Fonte, D. Fuhrmann, W. Fulgione, B. Garcia, D. Garcia-Pinto, L. Garrard, X. Garrido, H. Geenen, G. Gelmini, H. Gemmeke, A. Geranios, P.L. Ghia, M. Giller, J. Gitto, H. Glass, F. Gobbi, M.S. Gold, F. Gomez Albarracin, M. Gomez Berisso, R. Gomez Herrero, M. Goncalves do Amaral, J.P. Gongora, D. Gonzalez, J.G. Gonzalez, M. Gonzalez, D. Gora, A. Gorgi, P. Gouffon, V. Grassi, A. Grillo, C. Grunfeld, C. Grupen, F. Guarino, G.P. Guedes, J. Gutierrez, J.D. Hague, J.C. Hamilton, M.N. Harakeh, D. Harari, S. Harmsma, S. Hartmann, J.L. Harton, M.D. Healy, T. Hebbeker, D. Heck, C. Hojvat, P. Homola, J. Hoerandel, A. Horneffer, M. Horvat, M. Hrabovsky, M. Iarlori, A. Insolia, M. Kaducak, O. Kalashev, K.H. Kampert, B. Keilhauer, E. Kemp, H.O. Klages, M. Kleifges, J. Kleinfeller, R. Knapik, J. Knapp, D.H. Koang, Y. Kolotaev, A. Kopmann, O. Kroemer, S. Kuhlman, J. Kuijpers, N. Kunka, A. Kusenko, C. Lachaud, B. L. Lago, D. Lebrun, P. LeBrun, J. Lee, A. Letessier-Selvon, M. Leuthold, I. Lhenry-Yvon, G. Longo, R. Lopez, A. Lopez Aguera, A. Lucero, S. Maldera, M. Malek, S. Maltezos, G. Mancarella, M. E. Mancenido, D. Mandat, P. Mantsch, A. G. Mariazzi, I.C. Maris, D. Martello, N. Martinez, J. Martinez, O. Martinez, H.J. Mathes, J. 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An upper limit to the photon fraction in cosmic rays above 10^19 eV from the Pierre Auger Observatory

D.V. Camin;C. De Donato;V. Grassi;V. Scherini;
2007-02

Abstract

An upper limit of 16% (at 95% c.l.) is derived for the photon fraction in cosmic rays with energies greater than 10(19) eV, based on observations of the depth of shower maximum performed with the hybrid detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. This is the first such limit on photons obtained by observing the fluorescence light profile of air showers. This upper limit confirms and improves on previous results from the Haverah Park and AGASA surface arrays. Additional data recorded with the Auger surface detectors for a subset of the event sample support the conclusion that a photon origin of the observed events is not favored.
Cosmic rays ; ultra-high energy photons ; extensive air showers ; Pierre Auger Observatory
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/35359
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