The purpose of this comparative cross-sectional study was to investigate the use of standardized clinical tests for dry eye in pediatric patients with active and quiet vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and to compare them with healthy children. We recruited 35 active VKC, 35 inactive VKC, and 70 age-matched control healthy subjects. Each child underwent a complete eye examination, including visual analog scale symptoms assessment, biomicroscopy, fluorescein break-up time (BUT), corneal fluorescein and conjunctival lissamine green staining, corneal esthesiometry, Schirmer test with anesthetic, and meibomian glands inspection and expression. Active VKC patients showed significantly increased symptoms and signs of ocular surface disease, compared with the other 2 groups. Inactive VKC patients, compared with control subjects, showed increased photophobia (P<0.05; Mann-Whitney U test), conjunctival lissamine green staining and Schirmer test values, and reduced BUT and corneal sensitivity [P<0.05 by analysis of variance (ANOVA) least significant difference posthoc test for BUT and Schirmer; P<0.001 by Mann-Whitney U test for lissamine green staining and corneal sensitivity]. Our results confirm the association between VKC and short-BUT dry eye. This syndrome seems to affect the ocular surface in quiescent phases too, determining abnormalities in tear film stability, epithelial cells integrity, and corneal nerves function. The very long-term consequences of this perennial mechanism of ocular surface damage have not been fully understood yet.
Dry eye in vernal keratoconjunctivitis / E. Villani, M.D. Strologo, F. Pichi, S.V. Luccarelli, S. De Cilla, M. Serafino, P. Nucci. - In: MEDICINE. - ISSN 0025-7974. - 94:42(2015 Oct), pp. UNSP e1648.1-UNSP e1648.4.
|Titolo:||Dry eye in vernal keratoconjunctivitis|
VILLANI, EDOARDO (Corresponding)
NUCCI, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000001648|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|