The potential of the 3D cell culture approach for creating in vitro models for drug screening and cellular studies, has led to the development of hydrogels that are able to mimic the in vivo 3D cellular milieu. To this aim, synthetic polymer-based hydrogels, with which it is possible to fine-tune the chemical and biophysical properties of the cell microenvironment, are becoming more and more acclaimed. Of all synthetic materials, poly(amidoamine)s (PAAs) hydrogels are known to have promising properties. In particular, PAAs hydrogels containing the 2,2-bisacrylamidoacetic acid-agmatine monomeric unit are capable of enhancing cellular adhesion by interacting with the RGD-binding αVβ3 integrin. The synthesis of a new photocrosslinkable, biomimetic PAA-Jeffamine®-PAA triblock copolymer (PJP) hydrogel is reported in this paper with the aim of improving the optical, biocompatibility and cell-adhesion properties of previously studied PAA hydrogels and providing an inexpensive alternative to the RGD peptide based hydrogels. The physicochemical properties of PJP hydrogels are extensively discussed and the behavior of 2D and 3D cell cultures was analyzed in depth with different cell types. Moreover, cell-laden PJP hydrogels were patterned with perfusable microchannels and seeded with endothelial cells, in order to investigate the possibility of using PJP hydrogels for fabricating cell laden tissue-like micro constructs and microfluidic devices. Overall the data obtained suggest that PJP could ultimately become a useful tool for fabricating improved in vitro models in order to potentially enhance the effectiveness of drug screening and clinical treatments.

RGD-mimetic poly(amidoamine) hydrogel for the fabrication of complex cell-laden micro constructs / A. Tocchio, F. Martello, M. Tamplenizza, E. Rossi, I. Gerges, P. Milani, C. Lenardi. - In: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA. - ISSN 1742-7061. - 18(2015), pp. 144-154.

RGD-mimetic poly(amidoamine) hydrogel for the fabrication of complex cell-laden micro constructs

A. Tocchio;F. Martello
Secondo
;
M. Tamplenizza;E. Rossi;I. Gerges;P. Milani
Penultimo
;
C. Lenardi
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

The potential of the 3D cell culture approach for creating in vitro models for drug screening and cellular studies, has led to the development of hydrogels that are able to mimic the in vivo 3D cellular milieu. To this aim, synthetic polymer-based hydrogels, with which it is possible to fine-tune the chemical and biophysical properties of the cell microenvironment, are becoming more and more acclaimed. Of all synthetic materials, poly(amidoamine)s (PAAs) hydrogels are known to have promising properties. In particular, PAAs hydrogels containing the 2,2-bisacrylamidoacetic acid-agmatine monomeric unit are capable of enhancing cellular adhesion by interacting with the RGD-binding αVβ3 integrin. The synthesis of a new photocrosslinkable, biomimetic PAA-Jeffamine®-PAA triblock copolymer (PJP) hydrogel is reported in this paper with the aim of improving the optical, biocompatibility and cell-adhesion properties of previously studied PAA hydrogels and providing an inexpensive alternative to the RGD peptide based hydrogels. The physicochemical properties of PJP hydrogels are extensively discussed and the behavior of 2D and 3D cell cultures was analyzed in depth with different cell types. Moreover, cell-laden PJP hydrogels were patterned with perfusable microchannels and seeded with endothelial cells, in order to investigate the possibility of using PJP hydrogels for fabricating cell laden tissue-like micro constructs and microfluidic devices. Overall the data obtained suggest that PJP could ultimately become a useful tool for fabricating improved in vitro models in order to potentially enhance the effectiveness of drug screening and clinical treatments.
3D cell culture; Hydrogel; Poly(amidoamine); RGD mimetic; Biomaterials; Biomedical Engineering; Biotechnology; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/352760
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