Most adults are asymptomatically infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Primary EBV infection is commonly associated with acute infectious mononucleosis (IM). T cell immune activation plays an important role in EBV-associated diseases. IM shows a mainly Th1-type profile, so Th1-type cytokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and lymphotoxin (LT) are moderately enhanced. We measured IL-2 and IFN-gamma in serum during acute phase of the disease and during convalescence. Sera were collected from 23 IM patients, 13 patients with similar clinical manifestations but without IM, and 10 healthy donors. The levels of IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12 were significantly higher in patients with acute IM than in healthy individuals. IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12 decreased during convalescence. These three cytokines may be useful as sensitive markers of IM during severe illness and its later phases.

High Th1-type cytokine serum levels in patients with infectious mononucleosis / M.M. Corsi, M. Ruscica, D. Passoni, M.G. Scarmozzino, E. Gulletta. - In: ACTA VIROLOGICA. - ISSN 0001-723X. - 48:4(2004), pp. 263-266.

High Th1-type cytokine serum levels in patients with infectious mononucleosis

M.M. Corsi
Primo
;
M. Ruscica
Secondo
;
2004

Abstract

Most adults are asymptomatically infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Primary EBV infection is commonly associated with acute infectious mononucleosis (IM). T cell immune activation plays an important role in EBV-associated diseases. IM shows a mainly Th1-type profile, so Th1-type cytokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and lymphotoxin (LT) are moderately enhanced. We measured IL-2 and IFN-gamma in serum during acute phase of the disease and during convalescence. Sera were collected from 23 IM patients, 13 patients with similar clinical manifestations but without IM, and 10 healthy donors. The levels of IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12 were significantly higher in patients with acute IM than in healthy individuals. IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12 decreased during convalescence. These three cytokines may be useful as sensitive markers of IM during severe illness and its later phases.
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
http://www.aepress.sk/acta/av.htm
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/35168
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact