Plants need a tight regulation of photosynthetic electron transport for survival and growth under environmental and metabolic conditions. For this purpose, the linear electron transport (LET) pathway is supplemented by a number of alternative electron transfer pathways and valves. In Arabidopsis, cyclic electron transport (CET) around photosystem I (PSI), which recycles electrons from ferrodoxin (Fd) to plastoquinone (PQ), is the most investigated alternative route. However, the interdependence of LET and CET and the relative importance of CET remain unclear, largely due to the difficulties in precise assessment of the contribution of CET in the presence of LET, which dominates electron flow under physiological conditions. We therefore generated Arabidopsis mutants with a minimal water-splitting activity, and thus a low rate of LET, by combining knock-out mutations in PsbO1, PsbP2, PsbQ1, PsbQ2 and PsbR loci. The resulting Δ5 mutant is viable, although mature leaves contain only ∼20% of WT naturally less abundant PsbO2 protein. Δ5 plants compensate for the reduction in LET by increasing the rate of CET, and inducing a strong NPQ response during dark-to-light transitions. To identify the molecular origin of such a high capacity CET, we constructed three sextuple mutants lacking the qE component of NPQ (Δ5 npq4-1), NDH-mediated CET (Δ5 crr4-3) or PGR5-PGRL1-mediated CET (Δ5 pgr5). Their analysis revealed that PGR5-PGRL1-mediated CET plays a major role in ΔpH formation and induction of NPQ in C3 plants. Moreover, whilst pgr5 dies at the seedling stage under fluctuating light conditions, Δ5 pgr5 plants are able to survive, which underlines the importance of PGR5 in modulating the intersystem electron transfer.
PGR5-PGRL1-dependent cyclic electron transport modulates linear electron transport rate in Arabidopsis thaliana / M. Suorsa, F. Rossi, L. Tadini, M. Labs, M. Colombo, P. Jahns, M.M. Kater, D. Leister, G. Finazzi, E. Aro, R. Barbato, P. Pesaresi. - In: MOLECULAR PLANT. - ISSN 1674-2052. - 9(2016 Feb), pp. 271-288.
|Titolo:||PGR5-PGRL1-dependent cyclic electron transport modulates linear electron transport rate in Arabidopsis thaliana|
ROSSI, FABIO (Secondo)
PESARESI, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Arabidopsis, Photosynthesis, Linear Electron Transport, Cyclic Electron Transport, Oxygen Evolving Complex, PGR5|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||11-dic-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2015.12.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|