BACKGROUND: The objective of this prospective multicenter cohort study was to characterise the use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and intermittent claudication (IC) symptoms in clinical practice patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), and to determine the care gap with international guidelines and evidence-based therapy.PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2011 through 2013, participating centres enrolled consecutive patients with PAD of atherosclerotic, origin demonstrated by ultrasound, ankle brachial index (ABI) < 0.9 and symptoms of IC. A seven item grid was built for the assessment of care gap (percentage of patients eligible for a treatment who did not receive it). cerebrovascular disease or at least two CVD risk factors. Care gap was lower than 25 % for any method to stop smoking, lipid lowering agents, antiplatelet and/or anticoagulation therapy and any kind of exercise program; between 25% and 50% for ACE inhibitors/ angiotensin II antagonist therapy; between 50% and 75% for beta-blocker therapy; and higher than 75% for supervised exercise program and use of cilostazol. Patients with and without CADI cerebrovascular disease were differently treated with clopidogrel (27.3% and 4.8 %, p < 0.001), any antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy (98.7% and 83.3 %, p <0.001) and beta-blockers (46.8% and 16.0%, p<0.001).RESULTS: All patients (232) presented at least one CVC risk factor, 90.2% at least two, and 91.5% had either established CAD orCONCLUSIONS: Many gaps with evidence-based recommendations are still present in the pattern of the use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment for CVD risk factors and IC symptoms in clinical practice PAD patients.
|Titolo:||A prospective multicentre study on the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors and claudication symptoms in patients with peripheral artery disease (the IDOMENEO study)|
|Parole Chiave:||Abdominal aortic aneurysm; intraluminal thrombus; pulse wave analysis; pulse wave velocity; Aged; Angiography; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; Ankle Brachial Index; Anticoagulants; Cardiovascular Diseases; Exercise Therapy; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Hypolipidemic Agents; Incidence; Intermittent Claudication; Italy; Male; Patient Compliance; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Treatment Outcome; Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1024/0301-1526/a000456|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|