OBJECTIVE: The stomach is the main target organ for bariatric surgery, but no medical treatment has been developed to increase satiety and decrease food intake via gastric pathways. The aim of our study was to investigate whether or not the intraparietogastric administration of botulinum toxin A (BTX), able to modify the motility patterns of the stomach, could be useful for treatment of obesity. DESIGN: Double blind controlled study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four morbidly obese patients (mean weight (s.e.m.) 116.1+/-4.89 kg, mean body mass index (BMI) 43.6+/-1.09 kg/m(2)) were blindly randomized to receive 200 IU BTX or placebo into the antrum and fundus of the stomach by intraparietal endoscopic administration. MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated weight loss, BMI changes, satiety score, the maximal gastric capacity for liquids and the gastric emptying time (octanoic acid breath test). RESULTS: The two groups were homogeneous for anthropometric characteristics. Eight weeks after treatment, BTX patients had significantly higher weight loss (11+/-1.09 vs 5.7+/-1.1 kg, P<0.001) and BMI reduction (4+/-0.36 vs 2+/-0.58 kg/m(2), P<0.001) and a higher satiety score on a visual analogic scale (7.63+/-0.38 vs 4.72+/-0.44, P<0.001) than controls. Furthermore, BTX patients showed a significantly greater reduction in maximal gastric capacity for liquids (266.6+/-48 vs 139+/-31, P<0.001) and a greater prolongation in gastric emptying time (+18.93+/-8 vs -2.2+/-6.9 min, P<0.05). No significant side effects or neurophysiologic changes were found. CONCLUSIONS: Topical intragastric BTX was effective in reducing food intake and body weight in morbidly obese patients.

Treatment of morbid obesity by intraparietogastric administration of botulinum toxin : a randomized, double-blind, controlled study / D. Foschi, F. Corsi, M. Lazzaroni, O. Sangaletti, P. Riva, G. La Tartara, M. Bevilacqua, M. Osio, A. Alciati, G. Bianchi Porro, E. Trabucchi. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY. - ISSN 0307-0565. - 31:4(2007), pp. 707-712. [10.1038/sj.ijo.0803451]

Treatment of morbid obesity by intraparietogastric administration of botulinum toxin : a randomized, double-blind, controlled study

D. Foschi;F. Corsi;G. Bianchi Porro;E. Trabucchi
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The stomach is the main target organ for bariatric surgery, but no medical treatment has been developed to increase satiety and decrease food intake via gastric pathways. The aim of our study was to investigate whether or not the intraparietogastric administration of botulinum toxin A (BTX), able to modify the motility patterns of the stomach, could be useful for treatment of obesity. DESIGN: Double blind controlled study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four morbidly obese patients (mean weight (s.e.m.) 116.1+/-4.89 kg, mean body mass index (BMI) 43.6+/-1.09 kg/m(2)) were blindly randomized to receive 200 IU BTX or placebo into the antrum and fundus of the stomach by intraparietal endoscopic administration. MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated weight loss, BMI changes, satiety score, the maximal gastric capacity for liquids and the gastric emptying time (octanoic acid breath test). RESULTS: The two groups were homogeneous for anthropometric characteristics. Eight weeks after treatment, BTX patients had significantly higher weight loss (11+/-1.09 vs 5.7+/-1.1 kg, P<0.001) and BMI reduction (4+/-0.36 vs 2+/-0.58 kg/m(2), P<0.001) and a higher satiety score on a visual analogic scale (7.63+/-0.38 vs 4.72+/-0.44, P<0.001) than controls. Furthermore, BTX patients showed a significantly greater reduction in maximal gastric capacity for liquids (266.6+/-48 vs 139+/-31, P<0.001) and a greater prolongation in gastric emptying time (+18.93+/-8 vs -2.2+/-6.9 min, P<0.05). No significant side effects or neurophysiologic changes were found. CONCLUSIONS: Topical intragastric BTX was effective in reducing food intake and body weight in morbidly obese patients.
Botulinum toxin A; Diet; Gastric emptying; Weight loss
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/34533
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