BK polyomavirus (BKV) has a worldwide seroprevalence of approximately 90%. After primary infection, BKV establishes a life-long latency within the urogenital tract. The severe immunological impairment occurring in renal transplant recipients leads to BKV reactivation, which may result in Polyomavirus Associated Nephropathy (PVAN). While the transplanted kidney is transiently unperfused, Hypoxia Inducible Factors (HIFs) mediate the cellular response to hypoxia. The α-subunit of HIF isoform 1 (HIF-1α) may interact with several viruses, but until now, there has been no information regarding the interaction between BKV and HIF-1α. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible interaction between HIF-1α and BKV and its potential effect on the pathogenesis of PVAN. Screening of 17 kidney tissue samples revealed that HIF-1α expression was 13.6-fold higher in PVAN tissues compared to control tissues. A luminometric assay in co-transfected African green monkey kidney cells (VERO) demonstrated BKV promoter activation ranging from 2- to 6-fold (p < 0.05) when HIF-1α was over-expressed. A Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP) assay showed structural binding between the BKV promoter and HIF-1α. The amount of BKV DNA increased by 3-fold in VERO infected cells that were exposed to simulated hypoxia, compared to the cells not subjected to hypoxia. Both ex vivo and in vitro interactions between HIF-1α and BKV were observed, suggesting that HIF-1α, stabilized during transplantation, may be able to bind the BKV promoter and enhance BKV replication. Thus, hypoxia should be considered a risk factor for the development of PVAN in kidney transplant recipients.

Interaction between Human Polyomavirus BK and Hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha / L. Signorini, M. Croci, R. Boldorini, R.B. Varella, F. Elia, S. Carluccio, S. Villani, R. Bella, P. Ferrante, S. Delbue. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9541. - 231:6(2016 Jun), pp. 1343-1349.

Interaction between Human Polyomavirus BK and Hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha

L. Signorini
Primo
;
S. Carluccio;S. Villani;R. Bella;P. Ferrante
Penultimo
;
S. Delbue
Ultimo
2016-06

Abstract

BK polyomavirus (BKV) has a worldwide seroprevalence of approximately 90%. After primary infection, BKV establishes a life-long latency within the urogenital tract. The severe immunological impairment occurring in renal transplant recipients leads to BKV reactivation, which may result in Polyomavirus Associated Nephropathy (PVAN). While the transplanted kidney is transiently unperfused, Hypoxia Inducible Factors (HIFs) mediate the cellular response to hypoxia. The α-subunit of HIF isoform 1 (HIF-1α) may interact with several viruses, but until now, there has been no information regarding the interaction between BKV and HIF-1α. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible interaction between HIF-1α and BKV and its potential effect on the pathogenesis of PVAN. Screening of 17 kidney tissue samples revealed that HIF-1α expression was 13.6-fold higher in PVAN tissues compared to control tissues. A luminometric assay in co-transfected African green monkey kidney cells (VERO) demonstrated BKV promoter activation ranging from 2- to 6-fold (p < 0.05) when HIF-1α was over-expressed. A Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP) assay showed structural binding between the BKV promoter and HIF-1α. The amount of BKV DNA increased by 3-fold in VERO infected cells that were exposed to simulated hypoxia, compared to the cells not subjected to hypoxia. Both ex vivo and in vitro interactions between HIF-1α and BKV were observed, suggesting that HIF-1α, stabilized during transplantation, may be able to bind the BKV promoter and enhance BKV replication. Thus, hypoxia should be considered a risk factor for the development of PVAN in kidney transplant recipients.
Human Polyomavirus BK; Hypoxia in transplant patients; Polyomavirus Associated Nephropathy; hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
3-nov-2015
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/345094
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