OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between the neurobehavior of very preterm infants and the level of NICU quality of developmental care. METHODS: The neurobehavior of 178 very preterm infants (gestational age ≤29 weeks and/or birth weight ≤1500 g) from 25 NICUs participating in a large multicenter, longitudinal study (Neonatal Adequate Care for Quality of Life, NEO-ACQUA) was examined with a standardized neurobehavioral assessment, the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). A questionnaire, the NEO-ACQUA Quality of Care Checklist was used to evaluate the level of developmental care in each of the NICUs. A factor analyses applied to NEO-ACQUA Quality of Care Checklist produced 2 main factors: (1) the infant-centered care (ICC) index, which measures parents' involvement in the care of their infant and other developmentally oriented care interventions, and (2) the infant pain management (IPM) index, which measures the NICU approach to and the procedures used for reducing infant pain. The relations between NNNS neurobehavioral scores and the 2 indexes were evaluated. RESULTS: Infants from NICUs with high scores on the ICC evidenced higher attention and regulation, less excitability and hypotonicity, and lower stress/abstinence NNNS scores than infants from low-care units. Infants from NICUs with high scores on the IPM evidenced higher attention and arousal, lower lethargy and nonoptimal reflexes NNNS scores than preterm infants from low-scoring NICUs. CONCLUSIONS: Very preterm infant neurobehavior was associated with higher levels of developmental care both in ICC and in IPM, suggesting that these practices support better neurobehavioral stability.
Level of NICU quality of developmental care and neurobehavioral performance in very preterm infants / R. Montirosso, A. Del Prete, R. Bellù, E. Tronick, R. Borgatti, F. Mosca, O. Picciolini, S. Visentin, N. Battajon, M.L. Di Nunzio, F. Ramacciato, L. Barberis, E. Mastretta, R. Zanini, G. Carli, M.A. Bordigato, V. Chiandotto, C. Boiti, R. Litta, G. Minelli, M. Napolitano, A. Arco, P. Mammoliti, C. Fortini, P. Tagliabue, L. Quartulli, G. Motta, P. Introvini, R. Grigorio, P. Mussini, G. Pomero, C. Poggiani, A. Bauchiero. - In: PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0031-4005. - 129:5(2012), pp. e1129-e1137.
|Titolo:||Level of NICU quality of developmental care and neurobehavioral performance in very preterm infants|
|Parole Chiave:||Developmental care; Neurobehavioral examination; NNNS; Pain management; Preterm infant; Very low birth weight; Brain Damage, Chronic; Checklist; Child Behavior Disorders; Child, Preschool; Developmental Disabilities; Female; Humans; Infant; Infant Care; Infant, Newborn; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal; Italy; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Neurologic Examination; Pain Management; Parents; Psychometrics; Quality Assurance, Health Care; Statistics as Topic; Infant, Very Low Birth Weight; Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health; Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-0813|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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