Insulin resistance and obesity are associated with a reduction of mitochondrial content in various tissues of mammals. Moreover, a reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavail-ability impairs several cellular functions, including mito-chondrial biogenesis and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, two important mechanisms of body adaptation in response to physical exercise. Although these mechanisms have been thoroughly investigated in skeletal muscle and heart, fewstudieshave focused on theeffectsofexercise on mitochondria and glucose metabolism in adipose tissue. In this study, we compared the in vivo effects of chronic exercise in subcutaneous adipose tissue of wild-type (WT) and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) knockout (eNOS2/2) mice after a swim training period. We then investigated the in vitro effects of NO on mouse 3T3-L1 and human subcutaneous adipose tissue-derived adipocytes after a chronic treatment with anNO donor: diethylenetriamine-NO (DETA-NO). We observed that swim training increases mitochon-drial biogenesis, mitochondrial DNA content, and glucose uptake in subcutaneous adipose tissue of WT but not eNOS 2/2 mice. Furthermore, we observed that DETA-NO promotes mitochondrial biogenesis and elongation, glucose uptake, and GLUT4 translocation in cultured murine and human adipocytes. These results point to the crucial role of the eNOS-derived NO in the metabolic adaptation of subcutaneous adipose tissue to exercise training.
Exercise training induces mitochondrial biogenesis and glucose uptake in subcutaneous adipose tissue through eNOS-dependent mechanisms / E. Trevellin, M. Scorzeto, M. Olivieri, M. Granzotto, A. Valerio, L. Tedesco, R. Fabris, R. Serra, M. Quarta, C. Reggiani, E. Nisoli, R. Vettor. - In: DIABETES. - ISSN 0012-1797. - 63:8(2014), pp. 2800-2811.
|Titolo:||Exercise training induces mitochondrial biogenesis and glucose uptake in subcutaneous adipose tissue through eNOS-dependent mechanisms|
NISOLI, ENZO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adipocytes; Adipose Tissue; Animals; Cell Line; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Glucose; Humans; Male; Mice; Mice, Knockout; Mitochondria; Nitric Oxide; Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; Norepinephrine; Physical Conditioning, Animal; Swimming; Internal Medicine; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/db13-1234|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|