Objectives The debate regarding the advantages and limitations of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has yet to be resolved. This study was designed to compare the impact of surgical technique on long-term mortality and subsequent revascularization. Methods The Predicting Long-Term Outcomes After Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (PRIORITY) project was designed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of 2 large, prospective multicenter cohort studies on CABG conducted in Italy between 2002 and 2004 and in 2007 and 2008. Clinical data on isolated CABG were compiled from 2 administrative databases. Results The study population consisted of 11,021 patients who underwent isolated CABG (27.2% off-pump CABG). Surgical strategy did not affect in-hospital mortality. Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that on-pump CABG was the only factor that protected from in-hospital percutaneous coronary intervention after surgery (odds ratio, 0.61). Although unadjusted long-term survival was significantly worse for off-pump CABG, adjustment did not confirm off-pump CABG as a risk factor for mortality (hazard ratio, 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.06). The on-pump CABG group had a significantly lower hospitalization for subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention, a finding confirmed even with adjustment for confounding factors (hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-0.80; P <.001). Off-pump CABG thus carried a 42% higher risk for subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention than on-pump CABG. The incidence of repeat CABG was similar between groups. Conclusions This study demonstrated that off-pump OPCAB did not affect short- and long-term mortality, but it was a significant risk factor for rehospitalization for percutaneous coronary intervention.
|Titolo:||Impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on long-term percutaneous coronary interventions|
BARILI, FABIO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||follow-up studies; revascularization; risk factors; surgery; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine; Surgery; Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.07.018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|