Although wild boar can act as a persistent Aujeszky’s disease (AD) reservoir, limited data are available on long-term epidemiology in free-ranging wild boar living in areas where industrial swine herds are limited. Hence, this study provides crucial information, which fills this knowledge gap, on the natural dynamics of AD infection. From 3260 sera sampled during eight hunting seasons, 162 (4.97%) were tested positive. Factors, including the animal’s age class, and the sampling year, had significant effects on the probability of the wild boar being seropositive, while wild boar mean abundance per area, yearly abundance and the total number of pig farms, as well as interactions among age, year and sex, were not significant. In particular, a positive trend of seroprevalence was observed over the years, with values ranging from 2.1 to 10.8%. This long-term surveillance showed an increase in seroprevalence with a higher probability of being seropositive in older individuals and the independence of wild boar seropositivity from the likelihood of contact with pigs in the area.

Long-Term Surveillance of Aujeszky’s Disease in the Alpine Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) / M. Chiari, N. Ferrari, M. Bertoletti, D. Avisani, M. Cerioli, M. Zanoni, L.G. Alborali, P. Lanfranchi, D. Lelli, A.M. Martin, A. Lavazza. - In: ECOHEALTH. - ISSN 1612-9202. - 12:4(2015 Dec), pp. 563-570. [10.1007/s10393-015-1064-x]

Long-Term Surveillance of Aujeszky’s Disease in the Alpine Wild Boar (Sus scrofa)

M. Chiari
;
N. Ferrari
Secondo
;
M. Cerioli;P. Lanfranchi;
2015

Abstract

Although wild boar can act as a persistent Aujeszky’s disease (AD) reservoir, limited data are available on long-term epidemiology in free-ranging wild boar living in areas where industrial swine herds are limited. Hence, this study provides crucial information, which fills this knowledge gap, on the natural dynamics of AD infection. From 3260 sera sampled during eight hunting seasons, 162 (4.97%) were tested positive. Factors, including the animal’s age class, and the sampling year, had significant effects on the probability of the wild boar being seropositive, while wild boar mean abundance per area, yearly abundance and the total number of pig farms, as well as interactions among age, year and sex, were not significant. In particular, a positive trend of seroprevalence was observed over the years, with values ranging from 2.1 to 10.8%. This long-term surveillance showed an increase in seroprevalence with a higher probability of being seropositive in older individuals and the independence of wild boar seropositivity from the likelihood of contact with pigs in the area.
Aujeszky’s disease; Pig farms; risk factors; serology; surveillance; wild boar; Ecology; Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
21-set-2015
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/343387
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