Abstract. In the Homeric poems – although the notion that material and causal responsibility should be separated from moral responsibility begins to emerge – the principle of strict liability predomi-nates. This is moreover true as far as homicide is concerned; when a man is killed, whether the kill-ing is intentional or not, the victim’s relatives react with vengeance. With his law on homicide, to-wards the end of the VII century BC, the Athenian legislator Drakon was the first to consider mens rea as a criterion to differentiate the penalties. The debate on criminal and, more generally, moral responsibility becomes urgent in the last years of the fifth century, when in the end the idea prevails that a merely material and causal agent can be considered neither responsible nor, consequently, guilty.
|Titolo:||Some Remarks on Homicide and Criminal Responsibility in Ancient Greece|
PEPE, LAURA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Criminal Responsibility; Aitios; Aitia; Homicide; Drakon; Homer|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore IUS/18 - Diritto Romano e Diritti dell'Antichita'|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2015|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Ecole des hautes etudes|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|