Among the animals of the Kingdom Animalia, insects are unparalleled for their widespread diffusion, diversity and number of occupied ecological niches. In recent years they have raised researcher interest not only because of their importance as human and agricultural pests, disease vectors and as useful breeding species (e.g. honeybee and silkworm), but also because of their suitability as animal models. It is now fully recognized that microorganisms form symbiotic relationships with insects, influencing their survival, fitness, development, mating habits and the immune system and other aspects of the biology and ecology of the insect host. Thus, any research aimed at deepening the knowledge of any given insect species (perhaps species of applied interest or species emerging as novel pests or vectors) must consider the characterization of the associated microbiome. The present review critically examines the microbiology and molecular ecology techniques that can be applied to the taxonomical and functional analysis of the microbiome of non-model insects. Our goal is to provide an overview of current approaches and methods addressing the ecology and functions of microorganisms and microbiomes associated with insects. Our focus is on operational details, aiming to provide a concise guide to currently available advanced techniques, in an effort to extend insect microbiome research beyond simple descriptions of microbial communities.
Microbial ecology-based methods to characterize the bacterial communities of non-model insects / E.M. Prosdocimi, F. Mapelli, E. Gonella, S. Borin, E. Crotti. - In: JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS. - ISSN 0167-7012. - 119(2015 Dec), pp. 110-125.
|Titolo:||Microbial ecology-based methods to characterize the bacterial communities of non-model insects|
PROSDOCIMI, ERICA MARIA (Primo)
MAPELLI, FRANCESCA (Secondo)
BORIN, SARA (Penultimo)
CROTTI, ELENA SARA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Bacterial community; Bacterial symbiont cultivation; Insect microbiome; Microbial ecology; Molecular methods; Non-model insects|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale e Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2015.10.010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|