Purpose: To investigate the effect of a wide range of assistance levels during neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) on respiratory pattern, breathing variability, and incidence of tidal volumes (V T) above 8 and 10 ml/kg in acute respiratory failure patients. Methods: Eight increasing NAVA levels (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, and 5 cmH 2O/μV) and four increasing pressure support (PSV) levels (4, 8, 12, and 16 cmH 2O) were applied to obtain 10 min of stable recordings in 15 patients. Results: One out of 15 patients did not sustain the NAVA levels of 3, 4, and 5 cmH 2O/μV and was excluded. The 5 cmH 2O/μV NAVA level was not tolerated by three patients and it was excluded. Increasing NAVA levels were associated with decreased diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi), and, at variance with PSV, with small changes in V T, no changes in respiratory rate (RR), and increases in V T and EAdi variability. At high NAVA levels, an increase in V T variability was associated with increased incidence of V T above 8 and 10 ml/kg and an uncomfortable respiratory pattern in some patients. Conclusions: Increasing NAVA levels were associated with no effect on RR, small increase in V T, and increase in V T and EAdi variability. Effective decrease in EAdi occurred at NAVA levels below 2-2.5 cmH 2O/μV, while preserving respiratory variability and low risks of V T above 8 or 10 ml/kg.
|Titolo:||Respiratory pattern during neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in acute respiratory failure patients|
PESENTI, ANTONIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||acute respiratory failure; neurally adjusted ventilatory assist; pressure support ventilation; respiratory pattern; aged; aged, 80 and over; female; humans; male; middle aged; respiratory distress syndrome, adult; interactive ventilatory support; respiratory rate; critical care and intensive care medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00134-011-2433-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|