Hyaline membrane disease is found only in lungs where pulmonary ventilation has been established, i.e. after birth. We delivered eleven fetal lambs of a gestational age of 128-130 days but instead kept their lungs in total apnea and inflated to constant pressure, while removing all metabolically produced carbon dioxide with an extracorporeal membrane lung. Oxygen was provided by the membrane lung, and by apneic oxygenation through the natural lungs. Hence, arterial blood gases remained always normal, without any pulmonary ventilation. After 6-66 h the lungs had sufficiently cleared to allow normal mechanical pulmonary ventilation in 10 our of 11 lambs so treated. In a control group treated with mechanical ventilation alone, five of seven lambs died within the first 24 h of severe hyaline membrane disease.
|Titolo:||Prevention of hyaline membrane disease in premature lambs by apneic oxygenation and extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal|
PESENTI, ANTONIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apneic oxygenation; Extracorporeal CO2 removal; Hyaline membrane disease; Lambs|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-1982|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF01686848|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|