Background: Diagnosis of familial amyloidosis (FA) in Abyssinian cats usually is made on postmortem examination. Hypothesis/Objectives: Sequential analysis of serum SAA (sSAA), urinary SAA (uSAA), urinary protein:creatinine (UPC) ratio, or sodium-dodecylsulfate agarose gel electrophoresis (SDS-AGE) may facilitate early identification of cats with FA. Animals: Twenty-three Abyssinian cats belonging to cattery A or B (low and high prevalence of FA, respectively). Methods: Prospective longitudinal study using 109 blood and 100 urine samples collected over 4-year period every 4 months, if possible, or more frequently in case of illness. Cats that died during study were necropsied. Health status of live cats was checked 5 years after enrollment. Serum amyloid A (sSAA) and urinary SAA (uSAA) were measured using ELISA kit. The UPC ratio and SDS-AGE also was performed. Results: Familial amyloidosis was not identified in cattery A, whereas 7/14 cats from cattery B had FA. Serum amyloid A concentrations were not significantly different between cats in catteries A and B or between cats with or without FA, despite frequent peaks in cats from cattery B. Conversely, uSAA was significantly higher in cattery B, especially in the terminal phases of FA. Proteinuria occasionally was found in cats from both catteries, especially in those with FA. Urine protein electrophoresis identified mixed proteinuria only in cats with FA. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Serum amyloid A and UPC ratio are not helpful for early identification of Abyssinian cats with FA. Conversely, increases in uSAA with or without mixed proteinuria may be found before onset of clinical signs in cats with FA.
Changes in serum and urine SAA concentrations and qualitative and quantitative proteinuria in Abyssinian cats with familial amyloidosis : a five-year longitudinal study (2009-2014) / S. Paltrinieri, G. Sironi, L. Giori, S. Faverzani, M. Longeri. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-6640. - 29:2(2015), pp. 505-512.
|Titolo:||Changes in serum and urine SAA concentrations and qualitative and quantitative proteinuria in Abyssinian cats with familial amyloidosis : a five-year longitudinal study (2009-2014)|
PALTRINIERI, SAVERIO (Corresponding)
SIRONI, GIUSEPPE (Secondo)
FAVERZANI, STEFANO (Penultimo)
LONGERI, MARIA LINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||prognosis; serum amyloid A; sodium-dodecylsulphate agarose gel electrophoresis; urinary protein: creatinine ratio; veterinary (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.12561|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|