General anaesthesia in horses is associated with elevated mortality rate in subjects suffering of heaves. Target-controlled infusion (TCI) of sedative-hypnotic medications and opioids represents a total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) method validated in veterinary medicine. Since there are no data concerning the impact of these classes of drugs in inducing bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in horses, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect propofol and remifentanil on the contractile response of equine airway smooth muscle. The influence of propofol and remifentanil on the contractile response of equine isolated bronchi to electrical field stimulation (EFS) was assessed. The role of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and neurokinin 2 (NK2) receptor was also assessed. The interaction analysis was performed by Bliss Independence theory. Experiments were repeated in desensitized and passively sensitized airways. Remifentanil induced BHR in both non-sensitized and passively sensitized bronchi, (+56.33±8.01% and +99.10±14.52%, respectively; P<0.01 vs. control) and propofol significantly prevented this effect (P>0.05 vs. remifentanil). The inactivation of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves via desensitization and blocking NK2 receptor inhibited the BHR remifentanil-induced (P>0.05 vs. controls). The inhibition of iNOS reverted the protective effect of propofol on the BHR induced by remifentanil (non-sensitized: +47.11±7.70%; passively sensitized: +70.51±11.39%; P<0.05 vs. control). Propofol synergistically interacted (overall ≈40%) in preventing the remifentanil-induced BHR. Remifentanil induces BHR via stimulating capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves that facilitate the cholinergic neurotransmission through the activation of NK2 receptor. The propofol/remifentanil combination may be safely administered in course of TCI-TIVA procedures also in heaves affected horses.
Propofol protects against opioid-induced hyperresponsiveness of airway smooth muscle in a horse model of target-controlled infusion anaesthesia / L. Calzetta, A. Soggiu, P. Roncada, L. Bonizzi, E. Pistocchini, A. Urbani, B. Rinaldi, M.G. Matera. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 765(2015 Oct), pp. 463-471.
|Titolo:||Propofol protects against opioid-induced hyperresponsiveness of airway smooth muscle in a horse model of target-controlled infusion anaesthesia|
SOGGIU, ALESSIO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bronchial hyperresponsiveness; Drug interaction; Equineisolatedbronchi; Propofol; Remifentanil; Veterinary anaesthesia; Pharmacology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2015|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||11-set-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.09.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|