In order to assess the relative contribution of the lung and the chest wall to the derangements of respiratory mechanics in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute ventilatory failure (AVF), we studied eight COPD patients undergoing controlled mechanical ventilation for AVF and nine normal subjects anaesthetized for surgery as a control group. With the use of the interrupter technique together with the oesophageal balloon technique we measured: static lung and chest wall elastances (E[st,L] and E[st,w], respectively), maximum (R[L,max]), minimum (R[L,min]) and additional (deltaR[L]) lung resistances, additional chest wall resistance (deltaRw) and, in the COPD group, total intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPtot). Measurements were repeated at 0, 5, 10 and 15 cmH2O of applied positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). We found that, in the COPD group: 1) both E(st,w) and deltaRw were higher than in the normal group; 2) R(L,max) was markedly increased due to an increase of both R(L,min) and deltaRL; 3) even low levels of PEEP increased PEEPtot; 4) PEEP did not reduce elastance or total resistance of either the lung or the chest wall. We conclude that chest wall mechanics are abnormal in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with acute ventilatory failure undergoing controlled mechanical ventilation and that positive end-expiratory pressure does not seem to be effective in reducing either elastance or resistance of the lung or chest wall.
Lung and chest wall mechanics in normal anaesthetized subjects and in patients with COPD at different PEEP levels / G. Musch, G. Foti, M. Cereda, P. Pelosi, D. Poppi, A. Pesenti. - In: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0903-1936. - 10:11(1997 Nov), pp. 2545-2552.
|Titolo:||Lung and chest wall mechanics in normal anaesthetized subjects and in patients with COPD at different PEEP levels|
PESENTI, ANTONIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||acute ventilatory failure; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; mechanical ventilation; positive end-expiratory pressure; respiratory mechanics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/09031936.97.10112545|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|