We evaluated the airway occlusion maneuver as a method to estimate respiratory resistance, respiratory elastance and the pressure generated by respiratory muscles in ICU patients breathing in the PSV mode. The airflow was interrupted at selected flows or volumes during inspiration by a computer-driven rapid occlusion pneumatic valve. The airway occlusion was maintained for 2 to 3 s. From the airway pressure tracing we obtained various measurements of pressure. We then computed the pressure generated by the patient's inspiratory muscles. The method was validated by two different approaches in two groups of patients: the Pes and the CMV protocols. We conclude that the airflow interruption method can be used to measure basic respiratory mechanical parameters in PSV patients. The method also offers an opportunity to evaluate Pmusc,aw and the respiratory work performed by the patient.
|Titolo:||An interrupter technique for measuring respiratory mechanics and the pressure generated by respiratory muscles during partial ventilatory support|
PESENTI, ANTONIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||flow resistance; anesthetized subjects; airway-resistence; distress syndrome; humans; failure; volume|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1378/chest.102.3.918|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|