Objective: To prevent gas exchange deterioration during translaryngeal tracheostomy (TLT) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) ventilation is maintained through a small diameter endotracheal tube (ETT; 4.0 mm i.d.) advanced beyond the tracheostoma. We report on the feasibility of uninterrupted ventilation delivered through a high-resistance ETT in ARDS patients, and relevant ventilatory adjustments and monitoring. Design and setting: Prospective, observational clinical study in an eight-bed intensive care unit of a university hospital. Patients: Eight consecutive ARDS patients scheduled for tracheostomy. Interventions: During TLT volume control ventilation was maintained through the 4.0-mm i.d. ETT. Tidal volume, respiratory rate, and inspiratory to expiratory ratio were kept constant. Fractional inspiratory oxygen was 1. Positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) set on the ventilator (PEEPvent) was reduced to maintain total PEEP (PEEPtot) at baseline level according to the measured intrinsic PEEP (auto-PEEP). Measurements and main results: Data were collected before tracheostomy and while on mechanical ventilation with the 4.0-mm i.d. ETT. Neither PaCO2 nor PaO2 changed significantly (54.5±10.0 vs. 56.4±7.0 and 137±69 vs. 140±59 mmHg, respectively). Auto-PEEP increased from 0.6±1.1 to 9.8±6.5 cmH2O during ventilation with the 4.0-mm i.d. ETT. By decreasing PEEPvent we obtained a stable PEEPtot (11.4±4.3 vs. 11.8±4.3 cmH2O), and end-inspiratory occlusion pressure (26.7±7.4 vs. 28.0±6.6 cmH2O). Peak inspiratory pressure rose from 33.8±8.1 to 77.8±12.7 cmH2O. Conclusions: The high-resistance ETT allows ventilatory assistance during the whole TLT procedure. Assessment of stability in plateau pressure and PEEPtot by end-inspiratory and end-expiratory occlusions prevent hyperinflation and possibly barotrauma.
|Titolo:||Translaryngeal tracheostomy in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients|
PESENTI, ANTONIO MARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||tracheostomy; percutaneous, translaryngeal; acute respiratory distress syndrome; oxygenation; mechanical ventilation; airway resistance; intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00134-002-1246-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|