p-Aminobenzoic acid (pABA) plays important roles in a wide variety of metabolic processes. Herein we report the synthesis, theoretical calculations, crystallographic investigation, and in vitro determination of the biological activity and phytotoxicity of the pABA salt, 2-hydroxyethylammonium p-aminobenzoate (HEA-pABA). The ability of neutral and anionic forms of pABA to interact with TIR1 pocket was investigated by calculation of molecular electrostatic potential maps on the accessible surface area, docking experiments, Molecular Dynamics and Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics calculations. The docking study of the folate precursor pABA, its anionic form and natural auxin (indole-3-acetic acid, IAA) with the auxin receptor TIR1 revealed a similar binding mode in the active site. The phytotoxic evaluation of HEA-pABA, pABA and 2-hydroxyethylamine (HEA) was performed on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Col 0 at five different concentrations. HEA-pABA and pABA acted as potential auxin-like regulators of root development in Arabidopsis thaliana (0.1 and 0.2 mM) and displayed an agravitropic root response at high concentration (2 mM). This study suggests that HEA-pABA and pABA might be considered as potential new regulators of plant growth.
Synthesis, crystal structure and biological activity of 2-hydroxyethylammonium salt of p-aminobenzoic acid / M.E. Crisan, P. Bourosh, M.E. Maffei, A. Forni, S. Pieraccini, M. Sironi, Y.M. Chumakov. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 9:7(2014 Jul 23), pp. e101892.1-e101892.10.
|Titolo:||Synthesis, crystal structure and biological activity of 2-hydroxyethylammonium salt of p-aminobenzoic acid|
SIRONI, MAURIZIO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||parasubstituted benzoic-acids; monoethanolamine salts; seed-germination; escherichia-coli; force-field; arabidopsis; plants; auxin; toxicity; oniom|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-lug-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101892|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|