Irregular immigration is a case in point of a form of mobility forbidden in principle and fought against by national policies and by supra-national institutions, like European Union. But irregular immigration continues to thrive. Regularization measures follow, and they appear an interesting procedure of redefinition of the rules on allowed mobility, adapting laws to social reality. In these operations of legalization of mobility a posteriori, Southern European countries, and Italy at the first place, have been at the forefront. In Italy, the sector that has produced the biggest volume of regularizations is domestic sector and domestic care work. In this context, starting from research studies conducted along ten years (2003-2012), I present an analysis of interactions established at micro-social level between the native household, acting as employer, and immigrant careworker. Here, in the private space of the home, these interactions foster acceptance, welcome, mutual knowledge, mixed with exploitation, and at the end the decision to regularize the immigrant worker: a decision which, in Italian law, only the employer has the right to take. So, the mobility in principle forbidden by the State, becomes a practice socially authorized “from the bottom”, so as to obtain its legitimization.

Immigration irrégulière et métiers du soin à la personne : rhétoriques d'exclusion et pratiques de tolérance / M. Ambrosini - In: Migrations en Mediterranee / [a cura di] C. Wihtol de Wende, C. Schmoll, H. Thiollet. - Prima edizione. - Paris : CNRS, 2015. - ISBN 9782271085580. - pp. 181-190

Immigration irrégulière et métiers du soin à la personne : rhétoriques d'exclusion et pratiques de tolérance

M. Ambrosini
2015

Abstract

Irregular immigration is a case in point of a form of mobility forbidden in principle and fought against by national policies and by supra-national institutions, like European Union. But irregular immigration continues to thrive. Regularization measures follow, and they appear an interesting procedure of redefinition of the rules on allowed mobility, adapting laws to social reality. In these operations of legalization of mobility a posteriori, Southern European countries, and Italy at the first place, have been at the forefront. In Italy, the sector that has produced the biggest volume of regularizations is domestic sector and domestic care work. In this context, starting from research studies conducted along ten years (2003-2012), I present an analysis of interactions established at micro-social level between the native household, acting as employer, and immigrant careworker. Here, in the private space of the home, these interactions foster acceptance, welcome, mutual knowledge, mixed with exploitation, and at the end the decision to regularize the immigrant worker: a decision which, in Italian law, only the employer has the right to take. So, the mobility in principle forbidden by the State, becomes a practice socially authorized “from the bottom”, so as to obtain its legitimization.
L’immigration irrégulière est le cas exemplaire d’une mobilité en principe interdite et de plus en plus contrastée par les politiques des Etats nationaux e par des institutions supranationales comme l’Union Européenne. Mais l’immigration irrégulière continue à se reproduire. Les mesures de régularisation sont alors une procédure intéressante de redéfinition des règles sur la mobilité admise, adaptant les normes sur le séjour à la réalité sociale. Dans ces opérations de légalisation a posteriori de la mobilité, les pays de l’Europe méridionale, l’Italie en tête, ont été en première ligne. En Italie, le secteur qui a produit le plus grand volume de régularisations est le secteur domestique et de l’assistance aux personnes âgées. Dans ce contexte général, sur la base d’enquêtes de terrain menées au cours d’une dizaine d’année (2003-2012), je présente une analyse des interactions qui se passent au niveau microsocial entre la famille-employeur et la travailleuse immigré. Ici, dans le cadre privé de la maison, ces interactions produisent acceptation, accueil, connaissance réciproque, mêlées à l’exploitation, et enfin la décision de régulariser : une décision qui, dans les lois de régularisation italiennes, seulement l’employeur a le droit de prendre. Ainsi, la mobilité en principe interdite par l’Etat, devienne une pratique que la société autorise « par le bas », jusqu’à obtenir sa légalisation.
immigration policy; irregular immigration; care work; elderly; family; care regime
Settore SPS/07 - Sociologia Generale
Settore SPS/10 - Sociologia dell'Ambiente e del Territorio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/333794
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