OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the intrasubject short-term reproducibility of nocturnal blood pressure patterns (dipping/nondipping) in essential hypertensive patients in relation to age (<50 and ≥50 years) and sex. METHODS: A total of 619 never-treated essential grade 1 and 2 hypertensive patients (383 men, 236 women) underwent the following procedures: (1) repeated clinic blood pressure measurements, (2) routine examinations, (3) ambulatory blood pressure monitoring over two 24-h periods within 4 weeks. Dipping pattern was defined as a 10%, or more, reduction in average systolic blood pressure/ diastolic blood pressure at night compared to daytime values. RESULTS: Of the 407 patients showing a dipping pattern during the first ambulatory blood pressure monitoring period, 329 (80.1%) had the same pattern during the second ambulatory blood pressure monitoring recording. Of the 212 patients with a nondipping pattern during the first ambulatory blood pressure monitoring period, 140 (65.9%) confirmed the same pattern during the second ambulatory blood pressure monitoring period. Overall, 149 patients (24.1%) changed their initial nocturnal pattern at the second ambulatory blood pressure monitoring recording, without significant age and sex-related differences. Lower reproducibility rates of the nondipping as compared to the dipping pattern were found in the whole population as well as in men regardless of age and in younger but not in older women. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that nocturnal blood pressure patterns have a limited short-term reproducibility in the whole study population as well as in different age and sex subgroups. As variability of nocturnal blood pressure patterns is not predicted by easy available clinical data, such as sex and age, a reliable classification of patients according to circadian blood pressure patterns should be obtained by repeating ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.
Reproducibility of dipping/nondipping pattern in untreated essential hypertensive patients : impact of sex and age / C. Cuspidi, S. Meani, C. Valerio, C. Sala, V. Fusi, M. Masaidi, A. Zanchetti, G. Mancia. - In: BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING. - ISSN 1359-5237. - 12:2(2007), pp. 101-106.
|Titolo:||Reproducibility of dipping/nondipping pattern in untreated essential hypertensive patients : impact of sex and age|
MEANI, STEFANO (Secondo)
ZANCHETTI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Age; Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; Dipping/nondipping; Reproducibility; Sex|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBP.0b013e32809efa51|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|